THE BUDDHIST EMPIRE OF THE KUSHANS
Ancient glazed quartz beads from Bactria

 
The carved, blue and blue-greenish glazed chalcedony panel beads displayed here are unique. They are from Balk, Mazar-e-Sharif, in present-day Afghanistan. Interestingly, they are only found in this small area, which means that they were never exported along the silk routes, like so many other types of beads.
  
Shapes and colors
Their original cut shapes are remarkable.


The shapes could be a result of the craftsmanship of a primitive wheel cutting, operated by a cutter and 'cyclist' keeping the wheel with diamond dust spinning. This technique is as old as the invention of the diamond drill, 600 B.C. and worked pretty much on the same technological level as the bow drill.
 
In most cases, the glaze is partly worn away, and so are the original delicate cut shapes. In general, the beads show a lot of wear and tear. Most probably the beads were popular and used a lot and/or they are very old.


In this late stage of their bead-life, these odd quartz beads
have almost turned into expressions of modern art.

The forgotten Hellenistic kingdom of Bactria
When we speculate on their origin, we must not forget that Balk was the capital in the Greek-Buddhist state Bactria. Bactria was the longest-lasting independent Hellenistic kingdom. Its culture was extremely resilient as its inhabitants. Since the Achaemenid times, it was a Persian habit to exile rebellious Greeks living in their empire to the furthest eastern corner, Bactria. Later the Greeks did the same. Due to this Siberian ostracization politics, there was a strong Greek presence in the area long before the arrival of Alexander the Great and the later Seleucid Empire. As emigrated minority cultures often develop a much stronger will to conserve their old customs, we in Bactria got Macedonian-Greeks that in many ways were more Hellenistic than even in Greece itself. Simultaneously, the strong Seleucid cultural bonds with the, at that time, Buddhist India kept this conservative outpost culture paradoxically open to all kinds of hybridizations with Indian culture.
  
The arrival of the Kushans
Later, with the arrival of the invading Kushans, the by now unique Macedonian-Greek-Buddhist culture in Bactria survived in the form of the invading Kushan people's cultural adaption of the Bactrian culture. The Kuhans adopted and even refined the culture of the people they had defeated and in this way they became reborn as creative custodians of Hellenistic art. Hence the famous Gandhara art is not made by Macedonian-Greeks but by the Kushan people.

 

The dominance of Buddhism
The Bactrian Buddhism had, in spite of the presence of an Islamic elite, a strong cultural presence in the Bactrian region for several hundred years. However, this changed in 1193 A.D. when Turkic Islamic raiders under Muhammad Khilji burnt the famous Buddhist university-monastery in Nālandā.
 
Before this apocalyptic event, the Arab conquest and settlement did not imply conversion to Islam but, rather, out of economic reasons, only demanded submission. The invaders were not eager to convert the local population due to the simple reason that non-Muslims had to pay an extra tax called jizya. If everyone was converted, the ruling elite would lose an essential source of income. 
 
In this first long phase of eastward expansion, from the conquest of Balk in 705 A.D. up to the end of the 12th century, Islam was basically reserved as an exclusive religion of the elite. The new rulers were not into caliphate state-building and, therefore, also not propagating the ideological mind-control that always follows such superimposed societal power-structures. Hence the local Buddhists and other cultures were not forced into being dhimmis, second-class citizens. The elite was satisfied to rule the world of financial power in the area and left it to the Buddhists to do what they wanted with the cultural landscape outside the small circle of Islamic life.
 
In this scenario, the greatest threat for the Buddhist majority did not come from their Arab rulers but from the growing influence of Hinduism.
(Source: Buddhism in North western India and Eastern Afghanistan, Sixth to Ninth Century AD, Giovanni Veradi) In fact, the Buddhists were all too willing to cooperate with the Muslims in order to ward off the aggressive Brahmanisation coming from India.
 
Seen in the light of the shape of Islam's Eastern face, it is not an overstatement to claim that Bactria was a Buddhist country under a foreign political rule up to 1193 A.D. In fact, this geo-political configuration can be compared to the situation in Tibet since the Chinese occupation in 1950. Would you characterize contemporary Tibet as a Communist or a Buddhist country?
 
A wrong Timeline 
In the book, A Bead Timeline, the type of glazed quartz beads displayed on this page, are categorized as Early Islamic, excavated of Nishapur, 9th to 11th-century. Since then, these beads have, through literary precedent, been classified  as 'Islamic'.


 
I politely disagree with this classification, categorizing the origin of these beads as Islamic. James Lankton has forgotten to make the cardinal distinctions between financial, political, and cultural power in the early days of the Islamic expansion towards the East.
  
It should by now be clear why there is no reason to automatically categorize these Bactrian beads as Islamic just because an Islamic elite ruled the area. The beads most probably belonged to the ancient but at that time still living heritages already present in the area.
  
When taking a closer look at the glazed quartz beads in the illustration from the timeline book above, it becomes obvious that with such a degree of wear the beads they are much older than the 9th to 10th-century layer they were excavated from. Almost all the glazed quartz beads in my collection show the same wear and tear through prolonged use.
 
Taken in consideration that quartz has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale, it should be obvious that these beads already at the time where they went into hybernation had lived through several generations of human life.
 
For that reason alone they cannot be Islamic beads. Seen in this context, we should have a closer look at the glazing.

The glazing came later
Through a closer examination of the beads, one can observe, through the wear and tear of time, how delicately and precisely the beads initially were carved. This refinement is in sharp contrast to the glazing that is very causal, almost sloppy, apart from a few exemptions that might be a reminiscence of original colorations.
   
My best guess is that the beads originally were made without color and then, were glazed much later. On several of the specimens one can observe how the glazing was done on a surface that had been worn for generations before the color alteration was added, as you can observe below:

It was likely the early inhabitants of Bactria who crafted these delicately carved quartz beads. The white-colored and original beauty is, however, like wearing white clothes. After hundreds years of use, it gets a dirty and worn out surface.

Then, much later generations, maybe even Muslim inhabitants, came up with the idea of beautifying the beads with colorful glazing.

Below are some specimens showing this later glazing very clearly.

Probably, also the Islamic population-segments in the area used these beads and even reshaped them. This carving below, depicting an Indo-Persian warrior with a spiked Kulah Khud helmet, demonstrates how these ancient beads were modified to fit demands on later stages.



When we, armed with this historian outlook, look beyond the event-horizon of Islam, we could, as Peter Francis suggests, look at a possible Sassanian origin. However, apart from the stand-alone carving above, there is not much in the design of these beads that associate with Sassanian culture.

In the coming text, I will follow a more meaningful path. It leads back to the glorious Buddhist Kushan-culture.
 


Sources,
apart from the net:


Seleukos Nikator, Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom
 John D. Grainger

Bactria, The Histoty of a forgotten Empire -
H. G. Rawlingson

Alexander the Great
Robin Lane Fox

A History of Christianity - Diarmaid Mc Culloch

Hellenism in ancient India - Bannerjee, Gauranga Nath
 
Verdens Kulturhistorie
(Bind II til V) -
Will Durant

The Art and Architecture of India
1996. B. Rowland

Buddha Statuen -
Leonhard Adam,1925

Buddha in Indien - Kunsthistorisches Museeum in Wien - 1995

Buddhism in North western India and Eastern Afghanistan, Sixth to Ninth Century AD
Giovanni Veradi


The Greek Experience of India: From Alexander to the Indo-Greeks
Richard Stoneman 2019
 

 

TALISMANS FROM THE KUSHAN CULTURE
Below you see hands carved in stone and capped in gold, They are from the Royal Kushan grave in Tillya Tepe, dated to the first century A.D.

   
Kushan clenched-hand beads - National Museum of Afghanistan
Photos from
: Afghanistan, Crossroads of the Ancient World - British Museem

Now compare these two Kushan beads with the so-called Islamic quartz bead below.
Tillya Tepe is within a short distance from
Mazar-e-Sharif, where the lot of glazed quartz beads are sourced from.


My collection

There cannot be much doubt that this milky quartz bead belongs to the Kushan tradition. Of course, I cannot prove it, but at least I can point at a very likely probability. 
 
The Kushan hand gesture is almost similar to the mano-fico, a symbol used  throughout the Roman period. However, the Kushan talisman's thumb is not placed between the index and the middle finger as in the Roman mano-fico.


Roman mano-fico
Note the placement of the thumb

In the same category of talismans, we also find feet as motives:


Tillya Tepe

Once again, the similarity to the glazed quartz beads below is striking.

.
My collection


My collection


Tillya Tepe

Concerning the portrayal of hands and feet one could speculate in a possible inspiration from Buddhism. It was a Buddhist tradition to depict Buddha by a hand or a foot. Buddhist art was before the arrival of the Greeks, aniconic. Hence the Buddha in the oldest traditions only was represented through his symbols like an empty throne, the Bodhi Tree, or Buddha's hands or feet.
 
There is also a resemblance to Fahtima's hand. However, both Fatima's and all of Buddha's hand gestures, the mudras, are by nature open and inviting. In fact, both Fatima's healing hand, the hamsa, together with Buddha's blessing hand can be traced back to the ancient Indus Valley culture.


Indus Mother Goddess with the blessing hand gesture

A clenched fist is communicating a different signal from openness. It is, like the Roman mano-fico, a symbol suitable for a more warrior-like or defensive attitude. However, as stated in the book from the British Museum, that these carved hands and feet have served as talismans warding off evil forces.

The Kushan artifacts from Tillya Tepe are unique in their own expression, but they also show inspiration from the Bactrian Greek art.

Displayed below are some gold beads from the same find from the Kushan grave in Tillya Tepe:

Again we find a great similarity with the patterns inthe glazed quartz bead below. The gold beads and are sized between 25 to 28 mm. The glazed quartz beads are on average a bit smaller


My collection


My collection

And here again there is a striking resemblance between the Kushan artifacts and the glazed quartz beads:



 
Tillya Tepe
 




My collection
 



Tillya Tepe



My collection

As soon as Islam began to build institutional state power, it tended, like Christianity, to erase all other layers of previous religions, culture and ideologies. Kashmir is an excellent example of this phenomenon. The Kashmiri Pandits know, as original Hindu inhabitants, every waterfall, river, and mountain peak by names who refers to all kind of religious myths and folklore narratives. The Muslims in the area live only with and by the Koran and pan-Islamic art and culture. In this sense, they live in a historical and geographical vacuum. They are not any longer deeply, and knowledgeable connected to the particular area they live in and could as well live in Saudi Arabia. It would make no difference seen in that perspective. 
   
However, as stated, Islam in its eastward expansion did not caliphate-absolutize religious, cultural and ideological expressions before around 1200 A.D. That left the field open for age-old art expressions to continue evolving on their own.
   
Below you can see an old Indus gold Goblet from the same Bactrian area.


Goblet (99 mm) with geometric motif - Tepe Fullol
2200 - 1900 B.C.

This cross motif we find reused in abundance on the glazed quartz beads:


My collection

The old Indus and later Buddhist cross-motif can also be found:

As stated, it is not within my capacity to prove that these glazed beads belong to the Kushan culture. However, I would dare to say it is likely. Even more likely is the evidence-based hypothesis that they are of non-Islamic origin.
 

FIST AND FEET-TALISMANS

 


 

BACT 1  - 14 * 9 * 6,5 mm
 


 
 




BACT 2  -  13 * 9,5 * 5 mm

 

 Follow this link if you want to see more fist & feet talismans.



BALL SHAPED GLAZER QUARTZ BEADS
 





BACT 3 -  15 * 14 mm

 
 




 
 





BACT  4 -  19 * 18,5 mm


 

Follow this link if you want to see more ball shaped beads.
 



LOTS
 





 
BACT  5 LOT -
 

f



 
 





 
BACT 6 LOT  -
 

f



 
 



 
BACT 7 LOT -
 


 
BACT 8 LOT -
 





VASE SHAPED BEADS
 




 
BACT  9 -  42 * 18,5 * 13 mm
 


 
BACT  10 - 40 * 15 * 11,5 mm
 

Note the mysterious Ankh-looking motifs on the two beads above. I have no explanation for this phenomenon.



 
 





 
BACT 11 -  34 * 17 * 12 mm
 

Follow this link if you want to see more ball shaped beads.
 




ABSTRACT  MODERN  ANCIENT  ART  BEADS
 




BACT 12 -   35 * 18 * 11 mm

 

I would like to invite you to look at these specimens as exhibits of modern art. The ancient bead has become interesting like an abstract painting in the crossfield of time's wear and tear and the casual added and worn down but still strong and beautiful colors. I find it fascinating to look at beads, especially broken beauties, through this aestheticized but also story-telling viewpoint.


 
 




BACT  13 -  33 * 16 * 14 mm

 

Listen to these beads and let them tell you Greek stories about the life of the Bactrian Buddhists from an almost forgotten rich and powerful kingdom.



 
 




BACT 14 - 28 * 15 * 12 mm

 




 
 




BACT 15 - 35 * 16 * 14 mm

 




 
 




BACT 16 - 34 * 17 * 10 mm

 




 
 




BACT 17 -  33 * 17 * 12 mm

 




 
 




BACT 18 -  36 * 19 * 13 mm

 




 
 




BACT 19 - 31 * 13 * 11 mm

 




 
 




BACT 20 - 33 * 14 * 14 mm

 




 
 





 
BACT 21 - 34 * 14 * 14 mm
 




 
 




BACT 22 -  30 * 14 * 13 mm

 




 
 




BACT 23  -  35 * 18 * 11 mm
 

 




 
 




BACT 24 -  19 * 15 mm

 




 
 




BACT 25 -  17 * 17 mm

 




 
 




BACT 26 -  12 mm

 




 
 




BACT  27 -  15 mm

 




 
 




BACT  28 -   17 * 15 mm

 




 
 




BACT 19  -  17 * 14,5 mm

 




 
 




BACT 20 -  18 * 16 ,5 mm

 




 
 




BACT 21 -  16 * 14 mm

 




 
 




BACT  22 -  20 * 17  * 16 ,5 mm

 




 
 





BACT 23 -  19 * 13 mm

 




 
 






 
BACT 24 - 14 * 14 mm
 


BACT 25 -  12,5 mm
 




 
 





BACT  26 -  16 * 13 mm

 




 
 



      

 
BACT 27 -  15,5 * 12 * 7 mm
 


BACT 28  - 19 * 17 * 6,5 mm
 




 
 



   
BACT  29 - 17,5 * 17 * 6 mm

 


BACT 30  - 20 * 12 * 6 mm
 




 
 




BACT 31 -  15 * 11 * 5 mm

 


BACT 32  -  12 * 9,5 * 6 mm




 
 




BACT 33 - 14 * 12,5 * 5 mm

 





BALL SHAPED BEADS
 




 
BACT  34 -  13 * 11 mm
 




 
 




BACT 35 -  12 * 9 mm

 





 
 




BACT 36 -  16,5 * 10 mm

 





 
 




BACT  37 -  11 * 10,5 mm

 


7


 
 





BACT 38  -  14 * 10,5 mm

 





 
 




BACT 39  -  15 * 14,5 mm

 





 
 




 
BACT  40 -  11,5 * 11 mm

 





 
 




BACT 41 -  12,5 * 9,5 mm

 





 
 




BACT 42 -  15 * 13,5 mm

 





 
 





BACT 43 -  11 * 11 mm
 
 





 
 





BACT 44 -  13 * 9 mm

 





 
 



 

BACT  45 -  12,5 * 10,5 mm

 





 
 




BACT 46  -  19 * 15 mm

 





 
 



BACT  47 -  15 * 11 mm

 





 
 



BACT  48 -  14 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT 49  -  18 * 16,5 mm

 






 
 




BACT  50 -  18,5 * 16,5 mm

 






 
 



    
BACT 51  -  12 * 11,5 mm

 






 
 





BACT  52 -  11,5 * 9,5 mm

 






 
 




BACT 53  -  14 * 13 * 13 mm

 






 
 




BACT  54 - 17,5 * 13 ,5 mm
 

 






 
 




BACT 55 - 
11,5 * 11 mm
 






 
 




BACT 56  - 15 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT 57 -  15 * 14 mm

 






 
 



  
BACT 58  -  14 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT  59 -  14 * 13 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT 60 -  17 * 14 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT  61 -  21 * 16 mm

 






 
 



BACT  62 -  16,2 * 12,5 mm


 






 
 




BACT 63 -  16,5 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT  64 -  15 * 15 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT 65 -  13,5 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT 66 -  14 * 14 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT  67 -  15 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT 68  -  16 * 12,5 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT  69 -  17 * 13 mm

 






 
 




BACT 70 -  16 * 15 mm

 






 
 




BACT 71 -  14 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT 72 -  13 * 11,5 mm

 






 
 



    
BACT  73 -  11 * 10 mm

 






 
 




BACT 74 -  19 * 16,5 * 15  mm

 






 
 




BACT 75 -  18 * 16,5 mm

 






 
 



  
BACT 76 -  13 * 12,5 mm

 






 
 



 
BACT 77 -  14.5 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT 78 -  18 * 17 mm

 






 
 



  
BACT  79 -  14 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT  80 -  17 * 15 mm

 






 
 




BACT 81 - 20 * 15 mm

 






 
 




BACT  82 - 16 * 13 mm

 






 
 




BACT  83 - 22(20) * 17,5 mm

 






 
 





 
BACT 84 -  14,5 * 12,5 mm

 






 
 




 
BACT  85 -  18 * 15 mm

 






 
 



  
BACT  86 -  12 * 11 mm

 

 






 
 




BACT  87 -  15 * 12,5 mm

 

 






 
 




BACT 88  -  21 * 19,5 * 18,5  mm

 

 






 
 




BACT 89  -  19 * 17,5 * 15,5  mm

 

 






 
 




 
BACT  90 - 21 * 12 * 10,5 mm
 


 
BACT 91  -  19 * 11 * 9 mm
 

 






 
 



 
BACT 92  -  19 * 10 mm

 

 






 
 




BACT 93 -  27 * 19 mm

 

 






 
 



  
BACT  94 -  21 * 18 * 13 mm

 

s






 
 



 
BACT 95 -  12,5 * 11,5 mm

 

 






 
 




BACT  96 -  23  * 18 * 15 mm
 

 

 






 
 



 
BACT  97 -  19 * 14 mm
 

 

 







VASE SHAPED BEADS
 




BACT  98 - 45 * 19 * 15 mm

 

 




BACT 99  - 28 * 15 * 14 mm

 

 




BACT 100 - 28 * 13 * 12 mm

 

 




BACT 101 - 31 * 15 * 12 mm
 

 

 





 
BACT 102 - 38 * 15 * 13,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 103 -  33 * 15 * 11,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 104 - 39 * 16,5 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 105 -  36 * 16 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 106 - 30 * 13,5 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  107 -  33 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 108 - 35 * 15 * 13,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 109 -  30 * 15,5 * 12 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 110 -  33 * 16 * 12 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 110  -  32 * 16 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 111 -  30 * 16 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 112 -  29 * 16 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 113 -  34,5 * 17 * 12 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 114 -  30 * 15 * 11,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 115 - 27 * 15 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 116 -  38 * 17 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 117 -  34 * 16 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  118 - 33,5 * 15 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 119 - 35 * 16 * 9,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  120-  33 * 17 * 14 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 121 -  33 * 14 * 11,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  122 -  32,5 * 15,5 * 13,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 123 -  28,5 *15 * 11,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  124 -  27;5 * 14,5 * 14 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 125 -  34 * 15 * 10,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 126  -  35,5 * 16,5 * 13,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 127 -  31,5 * 15 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 128 -  41,5 * 19 * 16 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  129 -  31 * 16 * 14,5  mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 130 -  32 * 16 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT  131 -  30 * 15 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 132 -  34,5 * 16 * 14,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 133  -  37 * 16 * 13 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 134 -  25 * 13 * 12 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 135 -  25 ' 12 * 11,5 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 136 -  32 * 15 * 15 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 137 -  27 * 15 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 138 -  29 * 16 * 11 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 139 -  31,5 * 15, 5 * 14 mm
 






 
 




 
BACT 140 -  32 * 16 * 12 mm
 






 
 





 
BACT 141 -  28 * 15,5 * 12,5 mm
 






 
 




BACT  142 - 35 * 15 * 14 mm

 






 
 




BACT 143 -  29 * 13 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT 144 -  25 * 15 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT 145 - 30 * 13 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT  146 - 34 * 16 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT 147 -  32 * 16 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT  148 - 29 * 14 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT  149 - 23 * 15 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT 150 - 31 * 13 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT 151 -  31 * 15 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT 152 - 32 * 15 * 13 mm

 






 
 




BACT  153 - 30 * 14 * 11 mm

 






 
 




BACT  154 -  29 * 15 * 12 mm

 






 
 




BACT  155 -  34 * 13 mm

 






 
 




BACT  156 -  30 * 17 mm

 






 
 




BACT 157 -  32 * 13 mm

 






TALISMANS IN DIFFERENT SHAPES
 




BACT 158  -  21 * 18 * 7 mm

 






 
 




BACT  159 -  11 * 9 * 4 mm

 






 
 




BACT 160 -  19 * 15 * 7 mm

 






 
 




BACT 161 -   17 * 15,5 * 11,5 mm

 






 
 





 
BACT 162 -  19 * 13 * 4,5 mm

 






 
 




BACT 163 -  17 * 13 * 6,5 mm

 






 
 




BACT  164 -  13 * 11,5 * 5 mm

 






 
 




BACT  164 -  17 * 13 * 7 mm

 






 
 




BACT 165 -  16 * 14 * 6 mm

 






 
 




BACT  166 -   19,5 * 9,5 * 6 mm
 






 
 





 BACT 167 -  28 * 17,5 * 11  mm

 






BACTRIAN FIST & FEET TALISMANS
 




BACT 168  -  13 * 9,5 * 5 mm

 


 
 




BACT 169  -  14 * 10 * 6 mm

 


 
 




BACT  170 -  14,5 * 9 * 6 mm - ommer

 


 
 




BACT  171 -  12; 5 * 6 * 5 mm

 


 
 




BACT 172  -  18 * 10 * 5 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  173 -  15 * 10 * 7 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  174 -  17 * 9 * 4,5 mm

 


 
 




BACT 175 -  15 * 9 * 6  mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  176 -  16 * 9,5 * 6 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT 177  -  14 * 8 * 5,5 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT 178  -  15,5 * 10 * 7 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT 179  -  15 * 9 * 5,5 mm
 

 


 
 





 
BACT 180  -  13 * 8 * 5 mm

 


 
 




BACT  181 -  13 * 8,5 * 6,5 mm

 


 
 




BACT 182  -  15 * 11,5 * 7 mm

 


 
 




BACT 183  -  14 * 9 * 6 mm

 


 
 




BACT 184  -  17 * 12 * 7 mm

 


 
 




BACT  185 -  18,5 * 12 * 6 mm

 


 
 




BACT  186 -  13 * 9 * 7 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT 187 -  14 * 10,5 * 7 mm

 


 
 





BACT  188 -  12 * 9,5 * 5 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  189  -  18 * 10 * 7 mm

 


 
 




BACT  190 -  15 * 9 * 6 mm

 


 

 


 
 




BACT  191 - 17,5 * 12,5 * 8,5 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  192 -  16 * 9 * 6 mm
 

 


 
 





BACT  193 -  18 * 10 * 7 mm
 

 


 
 





BACT  194 -  17 * 12 * 7 mm

 


 
 




BACT 195  -  16 * 10 * 4,5 mm
 

 


 
 




BACT  197 -  15 * 11 * 5 mm

 


 
 




BACT 198  -  15 * 9,5 * 6,5 mm

 


 
 




BACT  199 - 15 * 10 * 6 mm

 


 
 





BACT  200 - 18 * 10 * 5 mm

 


 
 





BACT  201 -   17 * 11,5 * 8,5 mm

 


 
 





BACT 202  -  14,5 * 13 * 6 mm

 


 
 





BACT 203  -   17 * 13 * 7 mm

 


 
 





BACT 204 -  14 * 9 * 5 mm

 


 
 





BACT  205 -  16 * 10,5 * 7 mm

 


 
 




 
BACT  206 -  15 * 9,5 * 5,5 mm

 


 
 





 
BACT 207  - 13 * 9 * 6,5 mm

 


 
 






 


 
 



 

   

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Contact: Gunar Muhlman - Gunnars@mail.com