ANCIENT CRYSTAL, AMETHYST & GARNET BEADS
In the this section there will be a display of a variety of basically translucent semi precious stone beads made out out of rock crystal, amethyst and garnet beads.

Rock Crystal
Rock crystal is the most common semi precious stone. It has in its purest form hardness 7 on Mohr's scale. Along with agate crystal seems to have been extensively used in ancient India for bead making. In spite of the fact that real transparent crystal was a scarce material, it seems that especially the Mauryan culture used it for a large number of items including beads. In the ancient Buddhist Indian stupas there has been found a lot of crystal beads in the burial caskets. The Indian crystal was also due to its quality exported to the Roman Empire.
 


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CR  1  -  31 * 14 mm
This ancient crystal pendant bead is very rare.
 


 
 




CR  2  -  34 * 20 mm
Large ancient crystal bead
 

 
 
 



CR  3  -  19 * 10 mm   s                           18 * 10 mm    s
 

   




CR  4  -  20 * 9 mm                                  20 * 11 mm
 

   




CR  5  -  20 * 18 mm
 

   




CR  6  -  14 * 6 mm
 



Mellon bead
 

 




CR  7  -  12 * 11 mm
Melon shaped Mauryan crystal bead talisman

 

   




CR  8   -  Triangular Magick 'Yoni' crystal beads - SOLD
 

   




CR  9  -  13 * 10 mm
This is not a Bead.
It is an ancient earring in crystal
.
 



Carved amethyst beads

Wonderful carved amethyst crystal beads. Rajastahn - Rajput Period 1200 AD
Amethyst beads became frequent from the Indian Classical Period and onwards.
 
 



   
    CR  10  -  20  * 9 mm
 


CR  11  -  15 * 10 mm

 

 

 

CR  12  -  11 * 9 * 4 mm
 




CR  13  -  10 * 7 * 6 mm
 

   




CR  14  -  10 * 7  mm



CR  15  -  15 * 7 mm
 



Citrin/yellow quartz Beads
 
 




CR  16  -  Largest piece: 16 * 13 * 10 mm - Smallest piece: 10 * 8 mm
 



Ancient garnet Beads
Apart from rock crystal, garnet is the the most common semi precious stone. In contrast to rock crystal garnet is only found in small pieces. This is reflected in the size of the garnet beads displayed above. Crystal beads are often much larger in size. Garnet beads are not reported from the Indus Valley sites. They first become fashion in the Buddhist period of Indian hitory.
 
 




CR  17  -    -  Largest piece: 10 * 5 * 4 mm - smallest piece: 4,5 * 3,5 mm 
Click on picture for larger image

Small ancient Garnet Beads.
 



Glazed quartz beads from Afghanistan


These wonderfull carved and blue glazed chalcedony panel beads showing lapidari work. The glaze is partly worn away. They are from Balk (Mazar-e-sharif) in Afghanistan. Balk, former called Bactria, was the main capital in the greek-buddhist state Bactria. The beads are most probably from 300 BC to 500 AD. In the book 'A bead timeline', these beads are categorized as Early Islamic
beads from 9th to 11th century Nisharpur. But the collector I purchased
these beads from insisted that he had got these beads from a lot containing primarily Sassanid artifacts. He was convinced they were from the sassanian period, but not of sassanian origin. We must not forget that Afghanistan was dominated by Buddhism up to 1100 AD. The first moslem invaders were not too eager to convert everyone into Islam. Every none moslem had to pay an extra tax called 'jizya'. If the moslems converted everyone they would loose an important source of income. So even if these beads should be from 9th to 11th century,
my guess would still be that they are Buddhist.
 

Buddhist talisman beads
 

 



CR  18  -  15 * 10 * 5  mm
 


CR  19  -  15 * 10 * 5 mm


These two pendant beads are figures of feet. they are not to be confused with the mano-fico,
a symbol throughout the Roman period or Fahtimas hand. Before the greeks through Alexander the Great taught the Indians to sculpture God in human form, Buddha was depicted only by a hand or a foot. These beads were most probably Buddhist amlulets.

 
 



CR  20  -  34 * 13 mm
 

   

 

CR  21  -  30 * 17 mm
 

   



CR  22  -  32 * 13 mm
 

 

 



CR  23  -  17 * 15 mm
 

   



 
CR  24  -  15 mm
 

   
 
   

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Contact: Gunnar Muhlman - Gunnars@mail.com