Mohenjo Daro

Showcasing this Indus Beads Collection
It is with great pride that I present to you this collection of supremely ancient Early Indus Beads. I extend my gratitude to Mr. Tira Vanichtheeranont from Thailand for entrusting me with this extraordinary collection.

Ancientbead.com: A Journey Beyond Beads
This platform, Ancientbead.com, is far more than a site dedicated to beads. It is a heartfelt ode to India - a nation steeped in profound mysteries, marked by enchanting contradictions, so complex that fully grasping its essence may forever remain an elusive goal. But it is precisely these enigmas that fuel curiosity, trigger fascination, and inspire the imagination.

The Quest for Beauty
If there's one thing quintessentially Indian, it is the Indus bead. And there are no beads I hold in higher esteem or cherish more than the beads from the Indus.
Take a moment to appreciate the bead displayed below, meticulously carved from
fossilized material. What does it reflect besides exceptional craftsmanship? It mirrors the mindset of its creator - a mindset not very different from yours or mine. Why did this ancient Indus artisan choose fossilized stone as his medium? Could it be that he, much like us, was moved by the stone's inherent beauty?

Abstract Indus art

This bead serves as an eloquent reminder of a shared human instinct - the enduring appreciation for beauty, an instinct that transcends time and place, uniting us with our distant ancestors from the Indus Valley.

Indus Art: A Timeless Aesthetic

Consider this: some 5000 years ago, an individual from a world so distant and obscure from our own, had the capacity and the leisure to craft something of exceptional beauty. The artisan's profound appreciation for this creation has traversed an inconceivable span of time and space, echoing its resonance within me, here and now. This transcendental connection is something I find as impactful than being engrossed in a sublime piece of music composed by Bach. Ancient Indus beads are not just artifacts; they are pure, timeless art.
These earliest Indian beads represent the dawn of art in Asia, a testament to the region's rich cultural and aesthetic heritage. As Peter Francis succinctly states in 'The Beads of India', these beads are indeed emblematic of India's artistic origins, narrating a story that has been woven over the millennia, and still continues to unfold.

The earliest Indian beads are the earliest art in Asia.
'The Beads of India' - Peter Francis

EIV  1 - 25 * 10 mm - SOLD
Price: 700 usd

Most of the beads featured here hail from Balochistan, currently part of Pakistan. Nevertheless, they are not categorized as 'Pakistanus' Valley beads. Instead, they are rightly referred to as Indus beads, and for a compelling reason.

These beads serve as historical compasses, pointing us back to a period when a 'Greater India', at the zenith of the Indus civilization, sprawled across an astonishing 1.5 million square kilometers! This expanse even encompassed Kabul during the later era of the great Mauryan Empire. Hence, it's important to acknowledge that the roots of India's magnificent ancient culture stretch well beyond the confines of the country's current geographical borders.
The following treasures you are about to explore are the oldest art beads known to humanity, not just in Asia as per Peter Francis' writings, but globally. They are silent testament to the deep and diverse heritage of this part of the world, bearing witness to an era of unmatched creativity and craftsmanship.


The beads in
my collection
are now for sale

through bead ID
for price

EIV  2 -
Price: 900 usd

Ancient Beads as Masterpieces of Art
The allure of these ancient beads lies not just in their age or rarity, but also in their artistic quality. Much like modern paintings, they enchant us with their abstract patterns and brilliant color schemes. They stand as evidence that abstraction, the touchstone of contemporary art, was present even at the dawn of human civilization. It's no surprise that modern artists like Picasso found inspiration in the primal forms of ancient artifacts.

The Microcosm of Patterns and Colors
Yet, these beads are akin to miniature paintings—treasures that encapsulate an entire world within their petite form. If you are fortunate enough to possess an ancient Indus bead, I encourage you to keep a high-quality loupe close at hand. Through its lens, you will be transported into a microcosm of intricate patterns and vibrant colors, a world that bears the imprint of a civilization long past.
The Indus people remain shrouded in mystery, their scripts still undeciphered, their lives and thoughts left largely to our speculation. But amidst this uncertainty, at least two commonalities bridge the gulf of millennia between us: an appreciation for beauty and an intrigue for the rare and distinctive.


EIV 3  - 55 * 15 m
Price: 1.300 usd

Quantifying Beads & People at the Dawn of Civilizations
When the Indus civilization began to flourish around
3000 BC, the entire global population was roughly around 14 million. It's estimated that between 3 to 5 million of these individuals were fortunate enough to call the fertile expanse of the Indus Valley their home. Given these numbers, one can begin to grasp just how limited the number of ancient artifacts from this time period must be. Indus beads are, as a result, incredibly scarce.
Fast forward to the era of the Mauryan Empire under
Ashoka around 250 BC, and the world's population had skyrocketed almost tenfold to approximately 130 million. The Mauryan Empire, being the most populous of the time, boasted estimated 50 million inhabitants! Concurrently, the production of beads experienced a significant boom.
As the populous grew and civilization matured, the craft of bead making was honed and expanded, resulting in a more abundant presence of these cultural artifacts. However, even within this period of increased production, the sheer antiquity and survival of these beads through millennia make them are truly a rarity.


EIV 4  - 63 * 15 mm
Price: 1.600 usd

Understanding the Rarity of Ancient Authenticity
By this point, one can begin to appreciate just how rare and precious ancient beads truly are in our world. This scarcity becomes even more pronounced when we narrow our focus to fossilized beads - a minuscule subset within the already limited collection of ancient beads. You can explore a dedicated display of these Ancient Fossil Beads in a separate section here.
I estimate that the quantity of authentic ancient Indus beads in circulation today is more than ten times less than that of beads from the later classical period. This disparity is further compounded by the evolving societal significance of beads throughout history. Initially, beads were predominantly worn by the upper classes, symbolizing their elite status. As time progressed, beads transformed into a more common commodity, extending their reach to the emergent trading middle class and the sizable segment of Buddhist monks.

In this context, Indus beads deviate from the prevalent trajectory towards mass production of identical items. They are not just transactional tools or "money beads", but occupy a distinctive category of their own. Their aesthetic variety, elaborate design, and meticulous workmanship mark them as art pieces, celebrated for their diversity. In fact, many of them possess such unique beauty that stringing them together in a single chain might result in a conflicting or nullifying effect on their individual appeal.


EIV 5 - 23 * 8,5 mm
Price: 700 usd

Chasing the Unique: Rare Stones of Many Colors, Shapes, and Forms
The Indus people, right from the inception of their civilization, were deeply invested in procuring rare and exotic stones for crafting their beads. These gems came in a vast array of colors, shapes, and sizes, each meticulously selected for its distinctive characteristics.
As the skills of bead-making advanced and societal stratification deepened, merely possessing a perfectly crafted bead no longer sufficed. The aesthetic merit of a bead, while important, began to share the stage with the rareness of the material from which it was fashioned. Owning a bead carved from a unique and elusive stone became a symbol of distinction and a testament to one's status.


EIV  6 - 24 * 9 mm
Price: 700 usd

In this pursuit of exclusivity, the quest for unique and rare stones grew increasingly vital. The scarcity of the material used not only magnified the allure of these beads but might also have elevated their owners' social standing.

This accounts for the captivating diversity of Indus beads, which manifest in an array of shapes, materials, and colors, a stark contrast to the monotonous uniformity of DZI-beads. Each bead served a distinct purpose: to distinguish its wearer, to elevate their status. The absence of uniformity in the design and materials used for these 'stand out and above' beads subtly illuminates the peculiar stage of class diversification during this period.


EIV 7 - 23 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

Both the Egyptian and Indus Valley civilizations were borne of river cultures, yet their societal organization appears to have stark contrasts. Unlike the contemporaneous Egyptian society, which exhibited a rigid, uniform and vertical system of social stratification, the Indus Valley society seemed to embrace a more fluid social hierarchy. Status markers within the Indus community were likely to have been more personal and individualistic rather than standardized. This relative absence of rigidity, this variance from uniformity, is mirrored in the diversity and singularity of their beads. It is tempting here to view each bead as a unique testament to its wearer's status and identity, reflecting an inherent individuality and personal expression not commonly found in strictly stratified societies.


EIV 8 - 30,5 * 11 mm
Price: 700 usd

Indus Individuality

The remarkable diversity of Indus beads—their shapes, materials, and hues—forms a striking juxtaposition against the homogeneous uniformity of beads from subsequent epochs. Each bead served a unique purpose—to emphasize its possessor's individuality, making them distinct.

This particular aspect of Indus beads exhibits a fascinating parallel with our current appreciation of individualism. In our modern Western society, emphasis is placed on personal uniqueness and self-expression. Just as every Indus bead is unique and designed to symbolize its owner's distinctness, so too do we, in our modern society, value our unique characteristics and experiences. We express ourselves through our fashion, art, opinions, and even our social media profiles. We cherish our distinctiveness and constantly seek to establish our individual identity.

Just like the Indus beads, we strive to assert our uniqueness in a sea of uniformity. The non-conformity that these beads symbolize echoes our own contemporary pursuit of individuality. This can serve as a reminder that the drive for individual expression is an archetypical human trait, one that transcends cultures and epochs, manifesting itself in the intricate artistry of the ancient Indus bead or the personal branding of a modern social media profile.


EIV  9 - 24 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd

I remember the future

Research has demonstrated that the same areas of our brain are responsible for both remembering our past and envisioning our future. As a trade-off, our recollections of distant events may become hazy and unreliable, enabling us to construct possible future scenarios. So permit me to gaze into the future through the lens of the Indus:

In the West's not-too-distant future, I anticipate a subtle shift away from traditional displays of social prestige through uniform symbols of wealth, such as gold or luxury brands. The focus will instead be on individual style and unique self-expression—what one might call the projection of a personalized 'avatar.'

I envision a world where traditional status symbols are gradually losing their appeal to the more advanced and discerning individuals. The new trendsetters seek uniqueness, individuality, and authenticity over conventional symbols of wealth or status.


EIV 10 - 30,5 * 7 mm
Price: 900 usd

Indeed, as highlighted in the "
My Favorite ancient beads" section, there was still room for the creation and use of beads as social signifiers and pieces of jewelry in later periods. Unique, handcrafted beads that reflected individuality and status were still made and treasured in the Indian classical age.

However, these artistic, individualistic beads coexisted with a far more prevalent mainstream of uniform beads, notably exemplified by
the sulemani and DZI beads.
These uniform beads, produced en masse, were more accessible and widespread. While they may have lacked the unique characteristics of their handcrafted counterparts, they played an essential role in everyday transactions and social interactions, serving as a form of currency or as commonplace adornments.
This dual existence of beads - as mass-produced commodities and as unique pieces of art - mirrors the complex dynamics of ancient societies, reflecting both the utilitarian needs of everyday life and the human desire for artistic expression and individual distinction.


EIV 11  -  28 * 10,5 mm
Price: 700 usd


Featured on this page is my collection of ancient, slender, bicone Indus Valley beads. An intriguing observation about these beads is the elliptical shape they exhibit, tapering from the ends towards the center. As James W. Lankton discusses in his book "A Bead Timeline," these unique beads had a relatively brief production period, particularly post 2450 BCE.

Emblems of prestige: Elongated and slender in durable materials
Creating elongated, slender bicone agate beads was an arduous and time-consuming task. The crafting of just one of these beads could often demand more than two weeks of meticulous labor! In terms of social hierarchy, the emergence of this type of bead reflected the increasing need for conspicuous displays of power and status. This dovetailed with the evolution of
bead making technology among specialized artisans who managed everything from sourcing materials to final bead production. In addition, there must have been a well-defined, and most likely privileged, cadre of merchants.
The ultra-rare drilling material: Ernestite
Drilling such long, precise holes was made possible by using a cylindrical drill made from an extremely rare type of metamorphic rock called Ernestite (named after the archaeologist Ernest Mackey). When the supply of Ernestite was depleted, the production of these extraordinary beads also ceased. The scarcity of Ernestite, along with the painstaking effort and skill required to create these beads, further contributes to their status as among the rarest of all Indus Valley artifacts.



EIV  - 44 * 12 mm
Price: 900 usd
Pondering on the presence of long, bicone beads made of softer materials such as limestone prompts interesting insights into the social dynamics of the Indus civilization. From a durability perspective, it indeed seems counterintuitive to craft beads from such materials. However, a likely explanation is that these were mass-produced to serve as an affordable alternative for the lower social strata, mirroring the status-displaying beads of the wealthy.

Archaeologists have unearthed similar imitations made from terra cotta in Nausharo, suggesting a widespread practice of creating replicas using more accessible materials. These "knock-offs," made from sandstone or other less durable materials, could be considered the ancient equivalents of modern-day counterfeit Rolex watches. In today's world, there might be more of these imitation watches than genuine Rolexes.


EIV 21 - 44 * 12,5 mm - Sandstone
Price: 900 usd

However, a curious consideration for the future arises: given their lower quality and durability, these imitations might become much rarer than the originals over a millennium from now. This amusing and insightful idea struck me as I was admiring the fragile yet perfectly crafted banded sandstone bead displayed above. Despite its vulnerability, it stands as a testament to the human inclination towards beauty and social recognition, transcending constraints of material and class.

Multi colored Beads
The Indus bead makers had a clear fascination with incorporating a diversity of colors within a single bead, a trait vividly demonstrated in the agate bead showcased below. This penchant for a multicolored aesthetic is further evident in the collection of
Late Indus Valley beads.

EIV 27  - 27 * 7,5 mm
Price: 1000 usd

These people from the Indus Valley honed their skills to become exceptional masters in the art of bead making. In fact, I would boldly posit that prior to the invention of the diamond drill around 500 B.C., the inhabitants of the Indus civilization were the leading exporters of beads to neighboring civilizations within the same fortunate geographical band,
the lucky latitude, sharing their remarkable craft with other societies of the time. Their dedication to their craft and keen eye for aesthetic complexity distinguished them as unparalleled artisans in the realm of beadwork.

An Enigma Shrouded by the Abrasives of Time
Outshining its contemporaries, the
river civilizations, of Egypt in the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus Valley civilization was a leviathan in comparison. At its zenith, the expanse of the Indus Valley civilization is estimated to have stretched across a staggering one million square kilometers, making it larger than the whole of Western Europe.

EIV 100 - 25 * 10 mm
Price: 500 usd

A Riverine Renaissance
The people of the Indus Valley, unlike their successors in the Vedic Age, did not have the technology to dig wells or pump water from these wells using stone pulley wheels
wheels with strapped wooden pails. You need iron tools, like shovels to dig a well. Rather, their forte lay in harnessing floodwaters for irrigation purposes by creating intricate networks of channels. As a result, their settlements were predominantly located in river plains and areas in close proximity to rivers.

EIV 97 - 26,5 * 9,5 mm
Price: 700 usd

This reliance on rivers for agriculture likely fueled the prodigious expansion of their civilization. Forced to follow the course of rivers and avoid cultivating areas too far from the reach of flood irrigation, the Indus people transformed barren deserts into verdant gardens. This extraordinary collective achievement of river management is nothing short of an architectural marvel.

EIV  98 - 25 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

The Egyptians might have been known for their grand pyramids, but the legacy of the Indus people was of a different kind - the monumental water reservoirs and channels they constructed. The scale of this feat is so immense that it remains unrivaled to this day when viewed through historically calibrated lenses.

EIV 101 - 19 * 10 mm
Price: 500 usd
The River and the Rise of Commerce
The vast geographical extent of the Indus civilization was the cornerstone for its prosperous long-distance trade network, propelling it to reach production levels that were almost industrial in nature. Acting as the lifeline of the 'empire', waterways seamlessly bound together disparate regions.

In a natural progression, the Indus people morphed into adept sailors, operating large fleets of ships that plied the vast river plains, coastal areas, and neighboring regions. Their maritime prowess was a critical factor that allowed their civilization to bloom in these diverse regions.


EIV 102 - 19,5 * 6,5 mm
Price: 900 usd
The Indus Valley civilization held extensive trade links with
Mesopotamia, exporting a myriad of goods such as cotton cloth, intricately designed stone beads, ceramics, and copper and bronze ware. The demand for their products was so significant that they tailored their designs to meet the tastes and preferences of their western trade partners.
Notably, according to archaeologist
Mark Kenoyer, the impact and influence of the Indus Valley civilization extended far beyond the mere trade of goods. In fact, there was a settlement in Mesopotamia comprised of craftsmen from the Indus region, which is a striking testimony to the cultural exchange and intermingling that occurred between these ancient civilizations.

EIV  99 - 23 * 10 * 9 mm
Price: 700 usd

Remarkable Urban Planning
Catering to a population between 3 to 5 million people, which comprised about a third of the world's population at that time, the Indus Valley civilization required innovative solutions for habitation. This led to the advent of some of the earliest known urban centers. These cities were products of meticulous and advanced urban planning, the likes of which were perhaps driven by the indispensable need for water management in order to sustain such large populations.

The Indus civilization showcased an extraordinary expertise in engineering, manifesting in their advanced water management systems. These systems comprised meticulously laid out waterways, drainage, and sewage facilities, all constructed with uniformly sized bricks. Such a high degree of standardization reveals an exceptional degree of planning and organization.
Yet intriguingly, this fondness for uniformity in their urban infrastructure sharply contrasts with their apparent fascination for uniquely crafted beads. These beads, varying in shape, size, color, and material, stood as individual works of art, each distinctive and diverse. This seeming dichotomy—strict standardization in civic planning alongside a celebration of uniqueness in bead craftsmanship—demonstrates the multidimensional nature of the Indus civilization. It perhaps points towards a nuanced societal ethos that balanced the stability of conformity in public infrastructure with the creative expression of individuality in personal adornments.

EIV 28  - 58 * 14 mm
This is not a bead, but an ancient mystery Indus talisman made in jasper and copper.
Price: 1.200 usd

Their cities were not just functional but also comfortable. The orientation of the houses was carefully planned to harness wind currents, providing a natural form of air conditioning. The urban layout showcased clear understanding of geometry, with streets, multi-story houses, and public structures like baths set in relation to each other using perpendicular alignment.

Mohenjo - Daro

Interestingly, their urban layout was based on modular design principles. Structures in the city could be divided by the standard measure of one of their building bricks, revealing an intriguing layer of their urban planning strategy. This is an astonishing testament to the Indus civilization's sophisticated understanding of mathematical principles, measurement, and architectural design.


EIV 103 - 21,5 * 7 mm
Price: 450 usd

Intriguing Urban Ecosystems

The mega-cities of the Indus Valley civilization necessitated a substantial inflow of food resources and an equivalent outflow of goods and commodities. This dynamic was likely maintained through regulated and well-orchestrated commerce. The massive walls enclosing the cities were not constructed for the purpose of military defense, as is often assumed with ancient walled cities. Instead, these structures served as a means of controlling trade regulation.
Remarkably, archaeological findings provide no evidence of warfare within the civilization's long history, suggesting that the Indus people lived peacefully for over 2000 years. This observation points towards sophisticated social systems and conflict resolution mechanisms that were capable of maintaining harmony in such densely populated urban centers. The fact that such a large civilization could thrive for so long without the shadow of conflict or warfare is truly astounding and serves as a testament to the advanced societal structure of the Indus Valley civilization.

 Computerized reconstruction of a typical Indus city

This peaceful coexistence has led scholars to infer that the Indus Valley civilization had strong norms of cooperative behavior, societal regulations, and perhaps even forms of negotiation or diplomacy that helped prevent conflicts from escalating into violent confrontations. They might have developed systems of justice or dispute resolution that diffused tension and maintained the social fabric of their complex society. The details of these mechanisms, unfortunately, remain a mystery, since their script remains undeciphered.



EIV 104 - 19,5 * 8 mm
Price: 650 usd


Greater India was the bead maker to the world
Indeed, the connection between the Indus Valley civilization and beads is profound. The flourishing Indus Valley civilization, also made a significant contribution to the world through their unparalleled craftsmanship in bead making. As Peter Francis put it:

More than any other land India has been "bead maker to the world."
The Beads of India - Peter Francis

The ancient Indus artisans, through their meticulous and skilled craftsmanship, produced an astonishing variety of beads from a myriad of materials including, but not limited to, stone, shell, and ceramic. The vast and diverse range of beads from this era is a testament to their ingenuity and skill. The beads also served as an essential commodity in their expansive trade networks, leading to their spread far and wide across different cultures and civilizations.
In fact, the influence of Indus Valley bead-making was so profound that the majority of stone beads older than 1000 BCE are believed to have been crafted in the Greater India region, by Indian artisans or by craftspeople who learned the trade from these experts. This historical fact is an integral part of Indian cultural heritage. However, it's surprising that this significant contribution of ancient India to the world of bead-making is not widely recognized or celebrated within India itself.

This rich history provides an interesting perspective on the remarkable cultural and technological achievements of the Indus Valley civilization and sheds light on its influential role in the global spread and development of bead craftsmanship.



EIV 105  -
Price: 900 usd

Great care has been taken in cutting many of these stones so as to get special effects from the natural structure of the stone, white or colored bands being arranged to form 'eyes' , 'zones' or chevrons, all of which may have had special meanings. (
Beads from Taxilla, Horace Beck - p.8)

Dwelling upon the societal tapestry of the Indus Valley Civilization, the question that lingers is: What guided their collective conscience? What were the fundamental ideas that shaped their society and worldview?
The question of the societal glue that held them together is intriguing. What constituted their core narratives and how did they perceive their world?
Based on what they left behind, we can confidently assert that they cherished beauty and uniqueness. This is eloquently expressed through the dazzling array of their beads, each more unique and captivating than the last. Unlike cultures that encouraged uniformity, the Indus Valley Civilization seemed to celebrate diversity.
Contrast this with the DZI beads, the prized possessions of ancient Tibetan culture. Unlike the daring individuality expressed in the Indus beads, the DZI beads, much like the society that cherished them, exhibited a sense of uniformity and conformity.
Returning to the Indus Valley Civilization, it's clear that the establishment and maintenance of such a large-scale civilization in an era that predates much of recorded history would have necessitated a resilient social fabric. A society capable of planning and constructing immense cities, nourishing a vast population, and producing a thriving economy without the marks of violence or warfare points towards a strong societal cohesiveness. Perhaps, the richness and variety in their bead art is a reflection of the underlying strength of their societal bond and mutual respect for individuality.

EIV 106 - 17 * 8,5 mm
Price: 700 usd

The elephants of King Porus
In India, particularly for those who have resided there for an extended period, the potency of oral storytelling traditions is palpable. This stands in stark contrast to the waning traditions of the West. I recall an incident in Punjab where a local, during a dispute, belittled another by comparing him to the elephants of King Parvateshwar (Porus)

Intrigued, I queried him about the essence of this unusual comparison. He enlightened me that within the Punjab region, it's quite typical to compare a man who is all show and no substance to King Porus's elephants. These elephants, despite their impressive trumpeting, collapsed under pressure, a metaphor drawn from their historical confrontation with Alexander's army. This phrase, to the best of my knowledge, isn't from any literary source. It has survived through the ages, handed down orally since the time of Alexander, and continues to remain a tiny but vibrant part of the regional identity.


EIV 107 - 24 * 8 mm
Price: 800 usd

The Indian time machine
India presents a fascinating blend of tradition and modernity. Unlike other cultures, Indians possess a remarkable ability to straddle both the modern and the traditional simultaneously. Indian women continue to don saris and bangles, symbols of age-old customs, even as they enthusiastically engage in contemporary practices. They revere their ancient mythological events with the same fervor as they do their beloved sport of cricket.

The influence of the West is palpable, yet it's refracted through a distinctively Indian lens. The quintessential American fast-food, McDonald's, has been warmly embraced but only after transforming the classic burger into a dish distinctly more Indian in taste.

Middle-class Indians might have televisions in every room, but the programming they consume is predominantly homegrown. So, even as India embraces the conveniences of modern life, it does so without compromising its deep-rooted cultural identity. It's like stepping into a time machine, where the past and the present coexist harmoniously, each enriching the other, embodying the richness and diversity of the Indian cultural tapestry.



EIV 13  -  44 * 12 mm
Price: 1.000 usd


Many of them have never heard of the Beatles. They have their Bollywood heroes and heroines. I once met a Nobel-winning Indian scientist, who claimed to be an incarnation of a Danish man. This man is reflecting a strange fact about India: that one historical period does not erase the ones that were there before, even more so when it comes to the soul of the people. Not even the Muslem invasion managed to do that. In contemporary India find a myriad of religious traditions from almost every historical period.

 EIV  35  -  27 * 6,5 mm
Price: 900 usd

This bead has like many of the beads from this collection been colored by chemicals in the earth.
However this in some cases create
even more beautiful beads.

In India, the panorama of human experience unfolds in countless ways. Some engage in Vedic fire rituals, keeping alive practices dating back thousands of years, while others choose to renounce worldly pleasures, embodying the spirit of the ancient
Rishis. Great throngs congregate to offer their devotions to deities like Krishna, an affirmation of enduring religious traditions. The list of examples is seemingly endless.
Adding to this rich mosaic is the social stratification fostered by the caste system. While it contributes to a sense of fragmentation, paradoxically, it also serves to safeguard and magnify inherited traditions. Each caste preserves its identity through the uniqueness of its rituals and practices, thus becoming custodians of distinctive cultural threads within the larger tapestry.

India, in essence, is a living time machine. It embraces the relentless march of modernity while ensuring that the echoes of its past continue to resonate in the present.


Indian tribal woman - note her ancient tatoo

Indus Valley seal & ancient etched bead

Albert Einstein once said, "Imagination is more powerful than knowledge." I believe this aphorism provides a helpful perspective when seeking to understand the social cohesion of the Indus Valley civilization. While we await the deciphering of the Indus script, clues to their collective identity and shared values may be discerned in the living tapestry of modern-day India. These clues are not confined to dusty tomes or scholarly treatises but are vibrantly present in the everyday lives of the people.
Take, for instance, the photograph I took in New Delhi's bustling Main Bazaar. It features a tribal woman with a symbol tattooed on her throat. This symbol isn't a recent cultural innovation but a motif that appears on Indus Valley seals and ancient beads.




EIV 36 - 93 * 12,5 mm
Price: 1500 usd

Despite the passage of millennia, echoes of the Indus civilization endure within the cultural memory and practices of contemporary India. The narratives, symbols, and traditions of that ancient society continue to influence and shape the identity of India's diverse populations. The story of the Indus civilization, it seems, is not merely a tale of the distant past, but a living narrative still unfolding in the present.

EIV 37 - 65 * 25 * 21,5 mm


EIV 38  - 62 * 14 mm
Price: 1.500 usd

Given the vibrant and enduring cultural memory in India, I intuit that it still retains vital strands of civilizational DNA that could help address some of the global challenges we face today. These strands of cultural DNA carry valuable insights about social cohesion forces, insights we need to rediscover and apply in societies that are increasingly fracturing under the weight of selfishness and greed.

This ancient social glue, however, will not be revived through mere observation or intellectual study. It requires a fertile ground in our collective imagination and dreams. It demands a willingness to appreciate the wisdom of the past, envision a future informed by these lessons, and make conscious efforts towards realizing this vision.

EIV  39 -
54,5 * 14,5 mm
Price: 1300 usd

Krishna on the razor's edge
The Indians possess a mythological narrative that has sparked my thoughts along these lines. When the world teeters on the brink of chaos due to the onslaught of evil, the god Vishnu will incarnate. His purpose isn't to entirely expel evil, but to restore equilibrium. Vishnu isn't necessarily 'good' in our Western understanding, as even modern Indians often perceive him through the lens of British influence.


EIV  40 - 47 * 14 mm
Price: 1400 usd

The concept of Vishnu was much closer to the Taoist idea of Yin and Yang, wherein Tao represents the balance between opposing forces. This idea is much more nuanced compared to the Western construct of a dichotomy between pure good and pure evil.


EIV  41 - 55 * 18 mm
Price: 1600 usd

In this vein, many Indian gods embody a certain duality within them. Like Kali, with her beautiful eyes and bloody teeth, they aren't solely representations of pure goodness. Every deity possesses dual facets, and it falls upon the individual to strike a balance between them. Even without any religious perceptions of God, it is enlightening to view existence - from the laws of physics to the rise and fall of civilizations - as ultra-delicate dynamic balance points between opposing forces.


EIV 42  - 44 * 17 mm
Price: 1300 usd

At the level of the Higgs field, the Universe can only exist precariously balanced on a razor's edge. In this impossible and ever-flowing point of balance, even the poorest illiterate Indian might exclaim: "Krishna always triumphs." Following the narrative arc of every good movie, Vishnu, even as virtue, invariably wins at the climax and in the most thrilling contest possible. Only at this point can Shiva's cosmic, yet fragile, dance on the razor's edge be re-balanced.

EIV  106 - 18,5 * 8,5 mm
Price: 600 usd


Interestingly, two of Vishnu's most renowned incarnations, Krishna and Rama, both held royal positions. They were kings. Yet, they were also Kings of War, which in my view makes their narratives less reflective of the peaceful Indus culture. However, I interpret them as indicators leading back to the Indus period, in the sense that these two incarnations were virtuous royal upholders of social equilibrium.

Pyramids of Power versus Public Baths
The pyramid itself can be seen as an architectural manifestation of the social stratifications of ancient Egyptian society. Egypt was a war-oriented and rigidly hierarchical society. In contrast, the Indus civilization managed to prosper for approximately 2000 years devoid of wars, violence, and exploitative elites. Instead of erecting pyramids to serve the imagined afterlife of a single individual, the Indus people established cities with 'flat' architecture, with almost no 'outstanding' structures for private residences. In a city with 'equal' buildings, it's reasonable to assume that the inhabitants were also more or less equal. The most significant and prominent structures were immense water reservoirs that most probably also served as public baths. Cities like Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were well planned with a grid layout of streets and houses, drainage systems, and public baths, suggesting a highly organized central authority and potentially equal access to amenities.
I can't help but perceive these huge public baths as symbolic social equalizers where people, divested of their usual coverings, merged in the water as a single entity. Even today, you can observe the Indian collective ritual adoration of water at the ghats of Varanasi.

The existence of standardized weights and measures across the civilization could also point towards economic fairness and control by a central authority, again indicative of an egalitarian society.


EIV  46  - 42 * 15 mm
Price: 1100 usd


In a city marked by 'equal' buildings, it's plausible to surmise that the inhabitants were largely egalitarian as well. The most significant and prominent structures were immense water reservoirs and public baths. I can't help but perceive these public baths as symbolic social equalizers where people, divested of their usual coverings, merged in the water as a single entity. Even today, you can observe the Indian collective ritual adoration of water at the ghats of Varanasi.

EIV  47 - 40 * 14 * 11 mm


The Indus civilisation displays a striking lack of Monumental Architecture: The lack of grand palaces, temples, or monuments that would typically indicate a hierarchical society with a powerful elite class is notable in the Indus Valley Civilization. This could be suggestive of a society without extreme social divisions.



EIV  48 - 35 * 25 * 8 mm
Price: 800 usd


The Indus Elite & the Priest-King

The Indus civilization, however, did not function without an elite. The so-called "Priest-King" statue from Mohenjo-daro displays a face of a mature and responsible leader.

Among the most intriguing artifacts unearthed from the civilization is a small seated figure often referred to as the "Priest-King." Discovered in Mohenjo-daro, one of the major urban sites of the Indus civilization, this figure is crafted from steatite (soapstone) and depicts a bearded man with a patterned robe draped over one shoulder, adorned with an intricate trefoil pattern thought to symbolize the "pipal" leaf, which is regarded as sacred in many Indian traditions. His half-closed eyes give an impression of deep contemplation or meditation.

As a scientist, the parameters of empirical evidence and rigorous methodology would indeed limit me from definitively asserting that this figure represents a priest and/or a king. Nevertheless, as someone who cherishes the power of imagination and the beauty of speculative thought, I permit myself a certain level of creative license. This enables me to venture beyond the strictly factual and to hypothesize about the possibilities inherent in both this captivating artifact and the Indus beads.

The statue's dignified demeanor and decorative elements, such as a central headband ornament and what appears to be an arm bracelet, could signify status and power. This implies that the figure might represent a key societal figure, potentially a priestly and/or regal authority. This artifact is frequently viewed as proof of a superior social and political stratum in Indus society, likely an elite class. The semi-closed, introspective eyes of the "priest-king" evoke thoughts of the Indian third eye concept, especially when considering the circular centerpiece of his headband.


EIV 49  - 36 * 12 mm
Price: 1100 usd

Variegated Jasper and unusual forms of agate

n these rare ancient Indus beads one will often find what is referred to as variegated jasper.

As mentioned in the other section of Indus beads, the Indus people adored Jasper.
Variegated Jasper was the favorite gemstone of the Indus and Mesopotamian people.

The multitude of terra cotta figures, frequently perceived as goddesses, discovered at Indus sites portray women decked in refined jewelry and garments, rejecting any idea of an ancient Indus society without social distinctions. Initial archaeological digs in the Indus Valley revealed relatively consistent burial customs, lacking considerable differentiation in grave goods that could imply social stratification. However, subsequent excavations have uncovered some diversity in burial offerings, indicating the potential presence of social disparities. Indus burial sites do hint at a degree of social hierarchy, with women wearing thicker, utilitarian bangles buried at one extreme, and those with slender, decorative bangles at the other.


EIV  50 - 35 * 10 mm -


In this type of Jasper, there are up to 20 percent non-quartz elements.

These elements account or the wide range of colors and patterns. In this sense, jasper demonstrates a larger capacity for variation
than agate. This is clearly shown in the bead to the left.


Nevertheless, beyond beadwork, we don't find ostentatiously appointed graves replete with gold and other extravagant symbols of status, unlike the grand burial sites of the Egyptian elite. This, to me, suggests a society far less polarized in terms of wealth and status compared to its Mesopotamian and Egyptian contemporaries. 

EIV  51 - 38 * 11 mm
Price: - SOLD

The patterns in agate are as a general rule following harmonious geometric rules. Jasper beads, on the other hand, are more unpredictable showing resemblance to abstract modern art.


The virtuous leader walking the talk

"One day at sunrise, after his morning ablution in the waters of the Saraswati, Srila Vyasadeva sat down to meditate. The great Sage saw certain anomalies in the fiber of the millennium... He foresaw that the life of everything material would be cut short for lack of virtue." - Srimad-Bhagavatam 1.4.15-18 (Bhagavata Purana)
The Srimad-Bhagavatam, also known as the Bhagavata Purana, is a part of the Mahapuranas, a genre of ancient Indian scriptures. While the extant text of the Bhagavata Purana in its current form is generally dated between the 7th and 10th centuries CE, it is widely believed to carry forward older oral traditions. In ancient India, knowledge, including spiritual teachings and philosophical insights, was typically transmitted orally across generations. In essence, while the Bhagavata Purana may not be as ancient as the Indus Valley Civilization, it could indeed be a repository of much older cultural memories and traditions. Here, the mention of the Saraswati River, which is now believed to have dried up, offers a historical backdrop and a point of reflection.

The quote from Srimad-Bhagavatam encapsulates a profound realization by the sage Srila Vyasadeva. As he meditates by the Saraswati River—considered a lifeline of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization—Vyasadeva envisions disruptions in the normal course of time. This concept of 'anomalies in the fiber of the millennium' may metaphorically point to an impending imbalance or calamity.
What's interesting is the cause attributed to this impending shortening of 'everything material' - the lack of virtue. This moral insight suggests a prescient understanding of the interconnectedness of human ethics and the material world's sustainability. It echoes modern concerns about the role our collective morality plays in exacerbating or alleviating environmental crises.
hroughout India's diverse and intricate history, there have been examples of leaders who embodied values and ideologies starkly contrasting the traditional, power-oriented model often found in leadership roles across the world.

In this context, I propose the idea of an unbroken lineage of virtuous leadership dating back to the Indus civilization.

Consider Mahatma Gandhi, who is universally lauded for his philosophy of nonviolent resistance and his unwavering dedication to achieving social justice and equality. His core principles of "ahimsa" (non-violence) and "satyagraha" (the force of truth) catalyzed the Indian National Congress's struggle for freedom and sparked similar civil rights movements across the globe. In direct contrast to traditional paradigms of leadership defined by power and force, Gandhi emphasized moral authority, simplicity, and self-sacrifice. It's noteworthy that Gandhi was raised in Gujarat, a region with historical ties to the Indus Valley Civilization. From childhood, he was influenced by the local Jain community, and it's plausible that Jainism itself might be a distant echo of the ethical principles of the Indus culture.

Going back in time from Ghandi, the first in line to mention is Emperor
Akbar the Great, the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1605. Recognized for his policy of religious tolerance and dedication to promoting a syncretic culture, Akbar endeavored to unify his multifaceted empire through just laws and forward-thinking reforms. His reign is commonly viewed as a pinnacle in Mughal governance, not solely because of the empire's geographical expansion, but owing to the exceptional degree of cultural and religious amalgamation that took place. Notably, many Hindus view him as a monarch who gradually adopted more and more elements of Hindu philosophy and practices, illustrating a convergence of cultural and spiritual ideologies.

The line of priest-kings
Earlier in Indian history, the Mauryan
Emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 268-232 BCE) offers another model of virtuous leadership. Following a brutal war that resulted in the conquest of the kingdom of Kalinga, Ashoka had a dramatic change of heart, renounced violence, and converted to Buddhism. He went on to become a champion of dharma (righteousness), spreading the teachings of Buddhism both within and beyond his empire, and implementing policies aimed at the welfare of his subjects.

The transformative journey of Ashoka into a virtuous leader may have been unlikely without the legacy of another royal figure, Prince Siddhartha, who came to be known as the Buddha. In a timeframe almost concurrent with Buddha's, Lord Mahavira emerged as the zenith of 24 generations of Tirthankaras, embodying an ethically enlightened leadership. This concept of virtuous rulers aligns with our understanding of the priest-king figure in the Harappan society. All these esteemed leaders were akin to 'priest-kings', merging spiritual guidance with governance, reminiscent of the speculated model of leadership in the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
These leaders, in their respective eras and contexts, showed that leadership could be practiced in ways that prioritize empathy, compassion, tolerance, and nonviolence, offering an alternative to models based on power, domination, and aggression. They serve as reminders that alternative paradigms of leadership, rooted in ethical and moral virtues, can and have existed in history.


EIV 52 - 37 * 12 mm
Price: 900 usd

For me, this ancient jasper bead with crystalline formations can be viewed as a modern abstract art painting.

These beads are furthermore appealing to the notion of 'individuality.


Let us return to the priest-king. The half-closed, introspective eyes of the Harappan "Priest-King" suggest a leader seeking answers within himself. This figure appears to be as much a sage as a king, with his modest attire and lack of ostentatious adornment. The tone of a society is set by its leaders. When leaders are corrupt, their subjects will invariably follow suit. Conversely, when leaders are guided by virtue and morality, their example will resonate to the furthest reaches of their realm, even influencing the actions of the humblest individuals, such as how a destitute man treats a dog.


EIV  53 - 36,5 * 10,5 mm
Price: 900 usd

Each one stands out as different.
I never have difficulties identifying one of these grand old Indus beads when I have to find them in my huge collection.

Societies can be formed and maintained through various means. Violence and strictly hierarchical religious organizations can dominate not only through physical control but also through narratives that instill psychological fear. In our current Western context, societies can appear to thrive temporarily on greed, often embodied by multinational corporations.

Yet, there appears to be another cohesive force capable of shaping and sustaining societies.

This force, I propose, is virtue.



EIV 56  - 33 * 13 mm
Price: 900 usd


We can begin tracing the lineage of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras, starting from approximately 600 BC. Typically, 24 generations span roughly a period of 700 years, which aligns closely with the timeline of the Indus Valley civilization or at least the preserved collective memory of it. Jainism's stronghold is in Gujarat, a region where the Indus civilization flourished for a longer period compared to the west. The first of the Tirthankaras was named Rishab Dev. Intriguingly, Rishab Dev is another name for Shiva, the god of meditation in the Indus tradition.

Shiva - Pashupati - sitting in a meditation
posture  controlling the animals ...
around him - and in him



EIV 57 - 38 * 14 * 11,5 mm
Price: 900 usd


In ancient Indian thought, virtue was closely tied to 'seva', a Sanskrit term for service. Interestingly, this notion of seva was not rooted in the subjects' devotional service towards their King, but rather it was the other way around. A leader was expected to embody and exemplify righteous living for his citizens. In essence, they needed to walk the 'Gandhian' talk.

How then could they counteract the potential risks of greed's capacity to disrupt the social cohesion of a highly organized society? The solution lay in leading by example. When the great Buddhist King Ashoka renounced his vast empire to become a wandering ascetic, he was merely following an ancient path that several leaders had trodden before him. Prince Siddhartha did it, eventually becoming Buddha. The contemporary Jain leader Mahavira did it as well. Notably, Mahavira was the last of 24 Tirthankaras who made this transformative choice.





Overcoming the potential threat of greed, which can corrode the social fabric of a highly organized society, necessitates leading by example. The great Buddhist king Ashoka provides a potent example: he relinquished his vast empire to live as an ascetic monk, choosing a humble, wandering life. His transformation followed an ancient path trodden by many influential figures, such as Prince Siddhartha, who later became Buddha, and the Jain leader Mahavira, the last of the 24 Thirtankaras.

The long earlobes of Buddha serve as a potent symbol: they signify that he was not just an ordinary beggar but Prince Siddhartha. His elongated earlobes resulted from the kingly practice of wearing heavy gold ornaments. When a poor man renounces the world, may not garner much attention - after all, what material possessions does he have to renounce? But when a king steps down from his throne, it reverberates through the entire society, inspiring profound reflection and transformation. Can you imagine the societal impact if figures like Monsanto executives or Donald Trump were spotted as mendicant monks in the streets of New York? The power of such renunciation is hard to overstate.

Note the similarity between this King's head
ornament and that of the Indus Priest-king.


EIV 59 - 37,5 * 10,5 mm
Price: 900 usd


Those with power and wealth have the privilege to choose the path of renunciation. Indian mythology is replete with tales extolling kings who abandoned their realms to embrace a life of asceticism. This time-honored Indian ethos permeated society, influencing even ordinary men to renounce worldly attachments once their children had matured and established their own families.

I would venture to say that this represents virtue in its most undiluted form.

Let's revisit the contemplative figure of Shiva. In ancient India, meditation was associated with virtue. It was believed that virtue had to be nurtured through meditation, and conversely, that meditation needed to be virtuous. This association is clearly evident in the passage from the Srimad-Bhagavatam mentioned earlier. There are numerous myths of saints amassing great power through their meditative practices, only to succumb to the temptation of using this power to serve personal interests rather than dedicating it to the welfare of all. The prevalence of these stories demonstrates the emphasis that ancient India placed on virtue—a focus that rivals the most virtuous chapters of Christian history.

EIV  61 - 39 * 9,5 mm
Price: 700 usd


The mysteries of the ancient Indus Valley civilization fuel my imagination, especially since its script remains, thankfully, undeciphered. In the absence of hard facts, I find myself able to romanticize the Indus culture as an idealized society compared to our current world, which is marred by stark social disparities between a minuscule elite and a middle class that's sliding into oblivion—both metaphorically and quite literally. I have no issue with wealth itself! However, it's unfortunate that a large portion of wealthy individuals amassed their riches not through benevolence, but rather through unrelenting greed.

EIV  62 - 36 * 9 mm
Price: 900 usd


In the crushing jaws of multinational corporate greed, smaller states serve as breakfast, while war grows ever more profitable. I find myself drawn towards the past, scouting for future possibilities. Our ancient history unfolds a window, reflecting lofty visions for our future. Among the annals of history, the Indus Valley Civilization uniquely stands as the only extensive society that favored alternative conflict resolution strategies over war and aggression.

EIV  63 - 31,5 * 12 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd


In over a thousand sites excavated thus far, not a trace of war or any substantial weapons has been discovered. Early archaeologists, upon their initial findings, were under the impression they had stumbled upon a civilization solely inhabited by children. In India, the faint vestiges of these peaceful ways can be gleaned from the life of Mahatma Gandhi and the concept of ahimsa - nonviolence embraced by Jains, Hindus, and Buddhists.
In these tumultuous times, marked by rampant corporate greed and erratic political leadership, could we perhaps discern the presence of virtuous leadership? In expressing a personal perspective, I venture to nominate Elon Musk as a figure who, in spite of controversies, embodies elements of this virtue in his pursuit of sustainable and humanistic technological advancement.


EIV 64 - 61 * 12,5 mm
Price: 1100 usd
The golden age of the Indus Valley Culture is reflected with profound brilliance in their exquisite beads. These ancient artifacts narrate a tale of a culture that achieved an unparalleled level of refinement and skill, extending from the grand scope of urban life to the intricate details of bead crafting. As proficiently as the Indus people built their immaculate cities, they also excelled in the art of creating flawless beads. To me, each Indus bead embodies a potent symbol of peace and the steadfast belief in equitable wealth distribution. I regard them as instruments for refining a form of meditation that cultivates virtue. It's cooperation, not corporate greed, that moves us closer to utopian ideals. You may say that I am a dreamer, and I won't deny it. But remember, I'm not the only one. The dawn of new beginnings always starts with dreams. Yet, in the meta-modern paradigm, we remain fully aware of our dreams as dreams, and still, we continue to dream ... fully awake.



Price: 900 usd



EIV 107 - 16,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd




EIV  67 - 27 * 10 mm
Price: 600 usd

EIV  68 - 38 * 10 mm
Price: 1100 usd




EIV  69 - 36 * 14 mm
Price: 900 usd




EIV  70 - 21,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV 72  - 44,5 * 26,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 1500 usd


EIV 72A - 36 * 28 * 10 mm
Price: 1700 usd


EIV 72B - 29 * 27 *9 mm
Price: 1500 usd


EIV 72C - 34 * 26,5 * 9 mm
Price: 1300 usd



EIV 72D - 45 * 29,5 * 8 mm
Price: 1300 usd



EIV 72E - 33 * 17,5 * 14 mm
Price: 1100 usd



EIV 108 - 20 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 109 - 21 * 7 mm
Price: 700 usd



EIV 110 - 15 * 6,5 mm
Price: 500 usd




EIV 111 - 15 * 6 mm
Price: 500 usd



EIV  77 - 27,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 1000

The watchful third eye is the observer that by virtue of the observation itself creates order out of chaos.
A human being is as consciousness a manifestation of the highest order. This order is the anti-thesis of the third law of thermodynamics.



EIV 112  - 17 * 5,5 mm
Price:  SOLD





EIV 113 - 18 * 6,5 mm - SOLD





EIV 80 - 37 * 10 * 9 mm
Price: 900 usd





EIV 81 - 35,5 * 11,5 mm
Price: 700 usd





EIV  84 - 42 * 15 mm
Oyster shell formed Indus Bead of immense beauty

EIV 85  - 42 * 15 mm

EIV  86 - 21,5 * 17 * 6 mm

EIV  87 - 42 * 15 mm

EIV  89 - 21 * 19 * 7 mm

EIV  90 -  19 * 8 * 4 mm
Price: 700 usd



EIV  91 - 11-13 * 5 mm
Price: 1800 usd



EIV 114 - 23,5 * 9 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  115 - 24 * 9 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 116 - 23,5 * 10,5 mm
Price: 900 usd

EIV 118 - 22 * 8,5 mm
Price: 800 usd


EIV 119 - 22 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV 120 - 23,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 600 usd

EIV 121  - 22 * 10,5 mm
Price: 500 usd

EIV 122 - 19,5 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV 123 - 20 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 124 - 21,5 * 7 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV 125 - 18 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd

EIV 126 - 18,5 * 7 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV 127 - 14,5 * 6 mm
Price: 500 usd

EIV 128 - 17 * 10,5 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd

EIV 129 - 17,5 * 10 * 6,5 mm
Price: 800 usd


EIV 130  - 14,5 * 8,5 * 5,5 mm
Price: 600 usd

EIV 131  - 14 * 9 * 7 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  132 - 23 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd



EIV  133 - 26,5 * 8 mm
Price: 450 usd


EIV  134 - 21 * 10 mm
Price: 450 usd


EIV  135 - 24,5 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd



EIV 136 - 24 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 137 - 19 * 10 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV 138 - 26,5 * 7 mm
Price: 400 usd


EIV 139  - 30 * 8,5 mm
Price: 1000 usd



EIV  140 - 31 * 10 mm
Price: 1000 usd

EIV  141 - 32 * 10 mm
Price: 900 usd

EIV 142 - 30 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 143  - 28 * 9 mm
Price: 900 usd

EIV  144 - 27 * 10,5 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV  145 - 27,5 * 9 mm
Price: 450 usd


EIV  146 - 26 * 8 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV  147 - 24 * 10,5 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV  148 - 22 * 10 mm
Price: 350 usd

EIV 149 - 22 * 9 mm
Price: 350 usd


EIV  150 - 27 * 10 mm
Price: 350 usd


EIV  151 - 14,5 * 7,5 mm - Rare blue color
Price: 700 usd


EIV 152 - 20 * 8,5 mm
Price: 500 usd

EIV 153  - 15 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV  154 - 15 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV  155 - 21 * 7,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV  156 - 19 * 8,5 mm
Price: 500 usd

EIV 157  - 20 * 8,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV 158  - 44 * 11 mm
Price: 1500 usd


EIV 159  - 40;5 * 12 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV  160 - 37,5 * 18,5 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV  161 - 37 * 11,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV 162  - 34 * 14 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV  163 - 40,5 * 15 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 164  - 39 * 8 * 9,5 mm
Price: 900 usd


EIV  165 - 35 * 13,5 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 166  - 26,5 * 9,5 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV 167  - 27,5 * 8 mm
Price: 500 usd

In the early days of the Indus Valley civilization, crafting an agate bead was a monumental task. The sheer complexity of drilling and shaping these beads is alone a cause for admiration, especially when we consider the long bicone and slender agate beads crafted during this era. However, a much more easily accessible and manageable material for bead-making was banded limestone.

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, primarily composed of varying crystal forms of calcium carbonate, known as calcite and aragonite. Its hardness on the Mohs scale ranges between 3 and 4, significantly softer than agate or jasper.

It's logical to assume that the ancient Indus people selected the hardest types of limestone for their bead-making endeavors. However, despite their careful selection, the relative softness of the stone coupled with the large holes drilled into them rendered these beads extremely delicate and vulnerable. This combination of softness and large hole size made the beads highly susceptible to the wear and tear of time. As a result, only a handful of these fascinating artifacts have survived to our era.


EIV 168  - 
30 *  7,5 mm


The bead showcased above is my personal favorite among the limestone specimens. Its banding is remarkably beautiful, displaying typical limestone colors. Despite its structure, where the hole's volume exceeds that of the stone itself, this bead is in perfect condition.

This bead is indeed a survivor, standing tall against all odds! I would only part with it for someone who has walked a similar path, someone who has defied the odds in their own life. Its new owner should appreciate not just the beauty, but also the resilience this artifact embodies.


EIV  169 - 33,5 * 11 mm
Price: 1200 usd
Yellow brown
banded limestone -
most probably from
the Pachcham

The banded limestone used in these outstanding ancient beads was most probably sourced from Gujarat:

Banded limestone is another rock that was transported from its source in Gujarat to Harappan Sites deep within the Indus Valley. The particular variety I am referring to occurs in the Pachcham formation - a zone of Jurassic sedimentary rock exposed on several islands on the southern edge of the Great Rann of Kachch. Dholavira, which is located on Khadir island, was largely constructed of blocks and slabs composed of this distinctive yellow-brown banded, sand-textured limestone.  The Important Stone and Metal resources of Gujarat during the Harappan Period. Randall Law



EIV 170  - 42,5 * 13 mm
Price: 1200 usd

The Indus limestone beads may lack the mesmerizing luster of agate or jasper beads, but they hold their own unique, subtler kind of magic. The patterns in limestone beads differ from those in other bead materials. They adhere to a different set of 'sedimentary mathematics', as is observable in the bead above.


EIV  171 - 39 * 11 mm
Price: 1200 usd

Moreover, these beads offer a diverse color palette, distinct from other bead materials. For the individual attuned to the nuances of color, an ancient limestone bead might capture their fascination even more than the more visually dramatic agate and jasper beads. They exude a more quiet and understated charm, yet just as alluring and captivating in their own right. Their beauty lies in their subtlety and their testament to an ancient and harmonious civilization that thrived on cooperation and virtue.


EIV  172 - 33 * 10 mm
Price: 1000 usd


EIV  173 - 37,5 * 12,5 mm
Price: 1200 usd


EIV  174 - 36 * 11 mm
Price: 1000 usd


EIV 176  - 32 * 9 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  177 - 24 * 8,5 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV 178 - 23 * 8,5 mm
Price: 700 usd




EIV  179 - 25 * 9 mm
Price: 600 usd

EIV 180  - 30 * 10 mm
Price: 900 usd




EIV 181  - 30 * 9,5 mm
Price: 900 usd




EIV  183 - 27 * 10,5 mm
Price: 700 usd




EIV 184  - 26 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd




EIV 185 - 25 * 8,5 mm
Price: 600 usd




EIV  186 - 25,5 * 8 mm
Price: 900 usd

EIV  187 - 22,5 * 8 * 7 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  188 - 27 * 9 mm
Price: 800 usd




EIV 189  - 26 * 9 mm
Price: 800 usd

EIV  190 - 27 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  191 - 27 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  192  - 28 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  193 - 29 * 10 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV 194  - 33 * 9.5 mm
Price: 700 usd

EIV  195 - 22,5 * 8 mm
Price: 700 usd




EIV  196 - 19 * 8 mm
Price: 500 usd




EIV  197 - 18,5 * 8 mm
Price: 500 usd




EIV  198 - 14,5 * 7 mm
Price: 300 usd





EIV  199 - 15 * 6 mm
Price: 300 usd





EIV 200  - 17 * 6 mm
Price: 300 usd





EIV 201  - 20 * 5 mm
Price: 700 usd


EIV 202  - 29 * 8 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV  203 - 19,5 * 8,5 mm
Price: 400 usd


EIV  204 - 21 * 8 mm
Price: 400 usd



EIV  204A - 25,5 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV 205  - 39 * 11 mm
Price: 900 usd



EIV  206 - 73,5 * 12 mm
Price: 1500 usd



EIV  207 - 34 * 29 * 8,5 mm
Price: 1300 usd



EIV  208 - 37 * 27,5 * 8 mm
Price: 1200 usd


Presented below is a selection of beads originating from the ancient segments of the Indus Valley civilization, likely locations within present-day Pakistan such as Harappa. A key feature to observe is the significantly larger perforations in comparison to those in the previous set. These pieces are crafted from Amazonite, a type of green feldspar. The source of this semi-precious stone is thought to be either Gujarat or Orissa. It's important to note that within the context of Indus beadwork, Amazonite specimens are a rare find.

   EIV-GT 1  -   18 * 7 mm
Price: 600 usd



EIV-GT 2  -   18 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV-GT 3   -   16 * 6 mm 
Price: 600 usd


 EIV- GT 4  -  
Price: 600 usd

Elongated Cylinder Carnelian Beads

EIV-T 1   - 29 * 7 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV-T 2   - 20 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV-T 3   - 25 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


IV-T 4   - 20 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV-T 5   - 19 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV-T 6   - 20 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV-T 7   - 18 * 8 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV-T 8   - 20 * 7 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV- T 9    -   16 * 5,5 mm 
Price: 500 usd


EIV-T 10    -   23 * 6 mm
Price: 600 usd


EIV- T 11 -   15 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV-T 12   -   14 * 7 mm
Price: 500 usd


EIV-T 13   -   14 * 5,5 mm
Price: 500 usd

Strange Indus Valley Terra Cotta Eye Bead


EIV-OIV 1 - 40 * 25 * 21 mm
Price: 2000 usd

Click on picture for larger image


An absolutely unique and very strange jet stone cobra snake Eye Bead.
Origin: Indus Valley Haryana - Greater India
Read about Eye Beads here

Bead from Mohenjo Daro

EIV-TBA 16   - 17 * 5 mm - SOLD


What a masterpiece this little bead is! There is more hole than bead stone. This bead was
found by my friend Professor Bhandari when he as a young boy, before partition 1947 together with his school class was visiting Mohenjo Daro   


Here you can see the bead in high resolution: Picture 1  -  

Indus Valey Eye seal Beads


Click on picture for larger image


Here is a small display of Indus Valley carnelian beads. You can find more of these in the Carnelian bead section.

EIV-OIV 15 -  Largest: 16 * 10 mm - : 8 * 6 mm 





Rakhigarhi, Jagadhari, Yamuna Nagar