Mohenjo Daro
is not just about beads
I also created this site as a declaration of love for India - a country so deep, so mysterious and so contradictory that I will never come to understand it. The mystery can however spur curiosity, fascination and imagination.
The longing for beauty
Nothing is more Indian than an Indus bead. No beads I love more than Indus beads.

Just have a look at the fossilized bead above the long slender agate bead below. What does it show apart from the greatest craftsmanship? It shows that the person who created this bead is not so far in mindset from you and me. Why did the ancient Indus-man use this fossilized stone for his bead? Is it not because he like us appreciated beauty?

5000 years ago a person from a world hard to imagine had the time and ability to create something he saw and I see as beautiful. The bead makers feeling of appreciation has travelled for such a long time and distance to reverberate in me right in the here and now. That is for me something maybe even greater as listening to a sublime piece of music made by Bach. Ancient Indus beads are pure art.

The earliest Indian beads are the earliest art in Asia.
'The Beads of India' - Peter Francis

Indus beads from Greater India
The beads presented here are sourced from Balochistan in Pakistan. However they are not termed 'Pakistanus' Valley beads.
They are rightly named Indus beads.
They are pointing back in time to a Greater India, that at the time at the height of the Indus civilization encompassed 1,5 million km2!. Even at the much later days of the great Mauryan Empire it included Kabul!
What you are about to see below are the oldest art beads, not in Asia as Peter Francis writes, but in the world!
Most of them are like modern paintings with their abstract patterns and colors. Hence we have modern abstract art both in the beginning and the end of time in the same way that Picasso turned to the ancient African masks for inspiration.
I proudly present this collection of super ancient Early Indus Beads. My thanks goes to Mr. Tira Vanichtheeraont from Thailand for handing over this rare collection to me.


EIV - 56 * 20 mm

The hole

Click on pictures
for larger images

How many people were we at the dawn of civilizations?
At the beginning of the Indus area around 3000 BC there were only around 14 million people living on this planet.
Between 3 to 5 million lived at that time in the lucky latitude of the Indus Valley civilization.
Already at the time of the Mauryan Ashoka around 250 B.C. this number had increased almost tenfold to around 130 million! Now you can imagine how few Indus beads there must be. At the time of the proud Mauryan empire there must have been ten times as many ancient beads. And even genuine Mauryan beads are not that easy to find.


eEIV - 41 * 28 * 11 mm
Fossilized corals in sandstone

Here comes my definition of an Indus bead. If you can breathe comfortably  through the hole, it is either a pre-Indus or an Indus Valley bead.

A Mauryan bead will make you feel uncomfortable and a Gupta bead will suffocate you.

Anyhow ... from the Gupta period and onwards Indian beadmaking has been in decline.



 EIV - 66,5 * 19,5 mm                                   


EIV - 24 * 18 * 7,5 mm


Are you touched by the REAL?
Let us take this thought further. How large a percentage of people living today will be able to hold something really real in their hands? Just think about it.... By real I mean something ancient made by human effort. It may be a bead or a pot - it does not matter... Today most humans are surrounded by the simulacra of plastic fantastic and digital mirages. Most of them don't mind, but my prediction is that more and more people will wake up from their smart phone slumber and start longing for something that is not a simulation.

In Thailand this is already happening big time! I recently visited this wonderful country with its even more wonderful people. To my big surprise I here discovered a huge community of ancient bead collectors from all walks of life and from young to old. I was invited to a closed facebook group of Thai bead lovers. Can you imagine how many people there are in this group? 8000!

Real is rare
Can you imagine how few beads there are in this world like the fossilized super ancient beads above?
Now I am about to show you another type of rare Indus bead. It is a long and slender bicone bicone carnelian bead. James W. Lankton writes in his book, "A Bead Timeline": These striking beads were produced for a relatively short period following 2450 BCE.

EIV - 63 * 15 mm

Super ancient Beads have more wrincles & cracks

Most of the
Indus beads in this shape have small fractures and other kinds of damages. The reason is a combinition of age, lenght and the type of holes. In general beads like humans get wrincles with age. So it is only natural that a 5000 year old bead will be marked by wear and tear. These specimens are however unusual long and slender. This in combination with the ekstra large holes makes them vulnerable as shown in the photo below. Especially the thin ends where the stone material becomes very thin becomes prone to fractures.



However even in ancient times these slender beads were so much in valued that they were repaired by cutting off the fractured end. Such a repair can be observed in the bead displayed below. It has ancient patina/earth coloring on the surface of the repair.



Below I poudly present my collection of super ancient long, slender bicono Indus Valley beads. Note that some of them, like the one below are created with an eliptical shape from the ends to the middle of the bead.


 EIV - 30 *  7,5 mm - Go 2 banded limestone section


EIV - 33,5  * 8 mm


 EIV - 35 * 9,5 mm
Note the subtle red light in the center of the eye of the bead. It becomes more visible if you click
on the image for a larger version of the photo. Is the clear red light in the center coming
from the precense of small precious stones in the center?
It is not ncommon to fnd rubies within agate formations.



The Indus Valley people became masters in the art of bead making. I even dare to say that they, before the diamond drill was invented somewhere around 500 B.C. were the main exporters of beads to the neighboring civilizations of the lucky lattitude.

EIV - 47 * 10,5 mm

The Indus Valley civilization dwarfed the parallel river civilizations, the Egyptian in the Nile Valley and the Mesopotamian between the Tigris and Euphrates. At its peak the Indus Valley civilization is estimated to have encompassed one million sq km, an area larger than Western Europe. The Indus civilization reached an almost industrial output level which again gave fuel to long distance trade.

EIV - 29 * 6 mm

This vast 'empire' was primarily glued together through water ways. The Indus people were sailors and commanded large fleets of ships making it possible to flourish in the vast river plains, costal areas and adjacent regions. They even had extensive trade with Mesopotamia and exported goods such as beads, cotton cloth, beads, ceramics and cupper and bronzeware. Here especially stone beads with designs on demand were exported westward. According to Mark Kenoyer there even was a settlement of Indus craftsmen in Mesopotamia.

Greater India was the bead maker to the world
Hence I dare to say that most stone beads older than 1000 BCE are in fact made in India or by Indian craftsmen or by people taught by these craftsmen. Ancient stone bead making is in this respect a part of the Indian historical identity and it is really odd that Indians themselves have not really discovered this important fact.

More than any other land India has been "bead maker to the world."
The Beads of India - Peter Francis



EIV - 27 * 7,5 mm

Awesome urban-planning
Between 3 to 5 million people, around half of the world's population at that time, lived in this vast civilization.
Such large populations required new ways of living. The Indus people were among the first to concentrate in mega-cities. These cities were created out of preplanned administrative thoughts, thoughts that most probably grew out of the need for taming rivers in order to have sufficient and steady water supply for such large populations. The Indus cities were created out of deserts turned into gardens due to the extraordinary collective achievement of river taming. Where the Egyptians constructed pyramids, the Indus people created water reservoirs and water channels in a such a scale that it stands unrivalled till today if one compares it through historical calibrated eyes.

EIV - 58 * 14 mm
This is not a bead, but an ancient mystery Indus talisman made in jasper and cupper.

They constructed perfect waterways, drainage and sewerage systems in cities constructed out of uniformly sized bricks. Houses were oriented to catch the wind to provide for a natural air condition. Streets, multi storied houses and other constructions like public baths were perpendicular set in relation to each other. They could even be divided into each other by the measurement of one of their standardized building bricks.

EIV - 34,5 * 9 mm

It is obvious that the eye motif is happening much more than what could be explained by accidental formations in the stone.

These mega-cities had a natural demand for huge in-flows of food and out-flow of goods, that seems to have happened through regulated trade. The huge walls built around the Indus cities were not meant for military protection but for the purpose of trade regulation. There are no acheological signs of warfare burried in these walls. In more than 2000 years the Indus people lived without wars. Somehow they found other ways of dissolving social conflicts.

EIV - 34 * 7 mm

Again and again the eye in the bead is watching you and protecting you from evil.

Only a very strong social binding cohesion would be able to create such an affluent mega-civilization able to house and feed half of the worlds population in such an early historic period.
My question is now:
What kind of social glue did they use? What was the nature of their narratives?


EIV - 33 * 9,5 mm

Of course only if you choose to believe it to be so.

The elephants of king Porus
Anyone who has lived in India for a longer period, as I have done, will come to know that the tradition of oral story telling is still very much alive as compared to the almost extinct traditions in the west. I once in Punjab heard a man offend another man by telling him, that he was no better than the elephants of King
Parvateshwar (Porus).

EIV - 29,5 * 9 mm
Who am 'eye'?

I asked him what he meant by that expression. He told me that in Punjab it is a common expression to characterize a man, who like the elephants of King Porus does a lot of impressive trumpetering, but falls down flat when it comes to a real test as the case were, when King Porus elephants had to confront Alexanders army. This saying is, as far as I know, not from books. It has been handed down orally from the days of Alexander and is still alive as a part of the identity in the area.

EIV - 33 * 9 mm

The Indian time machine
The cultural identity of the Indians is very strong. Indians have in contrast to other cultures a strange ability to be modern and conservative at the same time. Indian women still wear saris and bangles. They celebrate ancient mythological events in the same passionate way as they adore cricket. They love Mc Donald, but first after changing the burger into something that is very far away from the original American concept. The middle class Indians have TV's in all their rooms but they watch their own home grown serials.

EIV - 24 * 8 mm

Many of them have never heard of the Beatles. They have their own Bolleywood heroes and heroines. I once met a Nobel winning Indian scientist, who claimed to be an incarnation of a Danish man. This man is reflecting a strange fact about India: that one historical period does not erase the ones that were there before, even more so when it comes to the soul of the people. Not even the Moslem invasion managed to do that. In contemporary India find a myriad of religious traditions from almost every historical period.

 EIV - 27 * 6,5 mm


This bead has like many of the beads from this collection been colored by chemicals  in earth.
However this in some cases create
even more beautyful beads.

Some are performing Vedic fire rituals, some renounce the world like the ancient Rishis, some gather in great crowds to worship Krishna. I could go on for ever with examples. The social fragmentation created by the cast system further adds to the diversification and paradoxically even amplifies the inherited traditions in the sense that the caste identity is preserved through the uniqueness of the rituals. India is a time machine.


Imagination is more powerful than knowledge - (Einstein)
I believe that the answer to my question concerning the nature of the social binding cohesion of the Indus culture does not necessarily need to wait for us decipher the Indus Valley script. The answer or at least a hint is there - in India here and now. It is still alive in the midst of the crowded streets of Main Bazar in New Delhi, where I took this picture of a tribal woman. The symbol she has tattooed on her throat can be found on Indus valley seals and ancient beads.

Indian tribal woman - note her ancient tatoo

Indus Valley seal & ancient etched bead




EIV - 62 * 14 mm

Because of the Indians strong ancient memory I 'intuite' that India still today has some vital strings of 'civilizatoric' DNA, that we might need in order to overcome some of the challenges we globally face today. These strings of cultural DNA contain vital information about social cohesion forces that we need to rediscover and implement in a society that is falling apart due to egocentric and greedy behavior. This ancient social glue will however not come to work without a little help from dream and imagination.   

54,5 * 14,5 mm - sæt nyt billede ind


EIV - 47 * 14 mm



EIV - 55 * 18 mm



EIV - 44 * 17 mm


EIV - 45 * 19 mm
At the first glance this bead gives the impression of being an ugly fellow.
However its scarred surface combined with its size and the unusual color
of the stone makes it in my view a power bead.



EIV - 45 * 14 mm


EIV - 38 * 13 mm


EIV - 42 * 15 mm


EIV - 40 * 14 * 11 mm

Krishna on the razors edge
The Indians have a mythological narrative that has inspired me to think along these lines. When the world is falling apart due to evil, the God Vishnu will incarnate, not to entirely to expel evil, but to restore the balance. Vishnu is not 'good' in our western concept, as even contemporary Indians tend to see him through the window of British influence. The concept of Vishnu was far closer to the Taoist thought of Ying and Yang, where Tao is seen as the balance between opposite forces: This concept is much more refined as compared to the western construction of a polarity between pure good and pure evil. In this sense many of the Indian gods have duality within them. They are like Kali with her beautiful eyes and bloody teeth not only being embodiments of the ultimate good. God has two hands and it is the responsibility of the individual to find the balance between them.



EIV - 35 * 25 * 8 mm


Even without having any religious notions of God it gives a lot of sense to observe existence, historical as well as laws of nature, as ultra hair fine balance points between opposite forces. On the level of the Higgs field the Universe can only exist on a knife edge. In this impossible and ever dynamic balance point even the poorest illiterate Indian would cry out: Krishna always wins.

EIV - 36 * 12 mm
nyt billede


Variegated jasper and unusual forms of agate

n these rare ancient Indus beads one will often find what is referred to as variegated jasper.

As mentioned in the other section of Indus beads, the Indus people adored jasper.
Variegated jasper was the favorite gem stone of the Indus and Mesopotamian people.


As the case with the Higgs field, Vishnu even in the form of abstract virtue, always wins following the narrative pathway of every good movie: in the very end and in the closest race possible. Only here Shivas cosmic yet fragile dance on the razors edge can be re-balanced.

EIV - 35 * 10 mm


In this type of jasper there are up to 20 percent non-quartz elements.

These elements account or the wide range of colors and patterns. In this sense jasper demonstrates a larger capacity for variation
than agate. This is clearly shown
in the bead to the left.


It is here worth noting that two of the most famous incarnations of Vishnu, Krishna and Rama, both were royal. They were kings. They were however Kings of war, which in my opinion make their narratives less ancient as the peaceful Indus culture. However I see them as pointers towards the Indus period in the sense that these two incarnations were virtuous royal upholders of social balance.


EIV - 38 * 11 mm

The patterns in agate are as a general rule following harmonious geometric rules. Jasper beads on the other hand are more unpredictable showing resemblance to abstract modern art.


Pyramids of power

The very shape of a pyramid can be seen as an architectural projection of the social stratifications of the ancient Egyptian society. Egypt was a war oriented and strictly hierarchical society. In contrast the Indus civilization managed to flourish for around 2000 years without wars, violence and parasitic elites. Instead of building pyramids to facilitate the imaginary afterlife of a single individual, the Indus people created cities with a ´flat´ architecture with almost no out-standing buildings for private housing.

EIV - 37 * 12 mm

For me an ancient jasper bead can be viewed like a modern art painting.

These beads are furthermore appealing to the notion of 'individuality´.

In a city with equal buildings one must assume that the people living there were more or less equal too. The largest and most important constructions were were huge water reservoirs and public baths. I cannot help seeing these public baths as symbolic social equalizers where naked people merged in the water as one being. Still today one can observe the collective Indian adoration of water at the ghats of Varanasi.

EIV - 36,5 * 10,5 mm

Each one stands out as different. To wear an Indus bead is the antithesis to the concept of showing off a Rolex watch.

I have never difficulties identifying one of these grand old Indus beads when I have to find them in my huge collection.

The Indus Elite & the Priest-King

The Indus civilization was however not functioning without an elite. The famous King-priest from Harappa definitely displays a face of a mature and responsible leader. 

As a scientist, I would not even be allowed to
state, that this is a priest and/or a king. However,
as a dreamer using the power of imagination I
allow myself to extrapolate evidence a little further.



EIV - 33 * 13 mm
The many terra cotta goddesses found in Indus sites show fertile women with rich ornaments and dresses don't give room for dreams of an ancient Indus-utopian socialism without social divisions. Also the Indus burial grounds do reflect some sort of social hierarchy in the sense that women with thicker working bangles were placed at one end of the burial ground and women with thinner bangles not suitable for work were placed at the other end. However apart from some really nice beads we don't find extravagant constructed graves full of gold and other extreme symbols of status as compared to the Egyptian aristocratic graves. This for me points towards a kind of society that was not as social polarized as the Mesopotamian and Egyptian.

EIV - 30 * 11 mm

The virtuous leader
In contemporary India we alongside greed and extreme social polarization are able to find ancient pointers towards an entirely different elitarian ideology as the one we all too often face today on a global scale.

One day at sunrise, after his morning ablution in the waters of the Saraswati, Srila Vyasadeva sat down to meditate. The great Sage saw certain anomalies in the fibre of the millennium... He foresaw that the life of everything material would be cut short for lack of virtue. Srimad-Bhagavatam 1.4.15-18


EIV - 30,5 * 11 mm


The introverted half closed eyes of the Harappan King suggest that he is a leader looking for answers inside himself. He could very well be a Saint as well as a King. He seems to be modest in his use of dress and gold.
The keynote of a society is set by its leaders. When leaders are corrupt, their subjects will follow their example. When leaders on the other hand are governed by virtue and moral, their example will copy itself out in the furthest corner of the kingdom and affect even the way a poor man treats a dog.

EIV - 24 * 9 mm

Societies can be created out of violence and/or strictly hierarchic religious organizations, dominating not bodies with the monopoly of violence, but through imaginary narratives instigating psychological fear. Societies can also, as our western world seem to, at least temporary, flourish in and by greed - in our case corporate multinational greed.
However there seems to be yet another glue that can create and uphold societies.
That glue I call virtue.

All of the 24 Thirtankas were sons of Kings!
Now we can start counting the 24 generations Jain Thirtanka princes backwards, beginning from around 600 BC. 24 generations equals roughly a time period of 700 years which brings us very close to the Indus Valley civilization or at least to the collective memory of it. The stronghold of Jainism is in Gujarat where the Indus civilization survived for a longer period than it did further west. The first of the Thirtankas was named Rishab Dev. Rishab Dev is another name for Shiva, the Indus god of meditation.

Shiva - Pashupati - sitting in a meditation
posture  controlling the animals ...
around him - and in him



EIV - 27 * 10 mm
Virtue was in ancient Indians connected with seva, a sanskrit root word for service. This Seva did not begin in the subjects devotional service towards their King, but the other way round. A leader had to set the example of righteous living for his citizens. He had to walk the Ghandian talk.
How to overcome the potential danger of greed's ability to dissolve the social glue of a highly organized society? It is done through leading by example. When the great Buddhist king Ashoka renunciated his vast empire and became a wandering beggar monk, he was just walking his talk along an ancient path that several Kings had done before him. Prince Siddharta did it and became the Buddha. The contemporary Jain Mahavira did it. Mahavira was the last out of 24 Thirtankas who did it.

EIV - 38 * 10 mm

Why is Buddha signified by his long earlobes? It is because they are the very signs that he is not an ordinary Tom, Harry or Dick beggar. Buddha was Prince Siddharta, and his earlobes had become elongated due to the Kingly custom of wearing huge golden ornaments in the ears.

Note the similarity between this Kings head
ornament and that of the Indus Priest-king.



EIV - 36 * 14 mm


When a poor man renounces the world nobody cares. What has he after all to renounce? However when a King does it and steps down from his throne, it has a tremendous effect on the whole of society. Can you imagine what would happen if you saw the executives of Monsanto together with Donald Trumph as beggar monks in the streets of New York?


EIV - 21,5 * 7,5 mm


EIV - 15 * 7 mm

The man of power and wealth can afford to give his renunciation as a choice. Indian mythology is full of praising stories about Kings who renounced their Kingdoms and became beggar monks. This ancient Indian ideal trickled down the whole of society and even made it a cultural ritual for an ordinary man to renounce the world when his children had grown up and married.
I dare to say it is virtue in its purest form.


EIV - 44,5 * 26,5 * 7,5 mm

Meditation and virtue
Let us return to the meditating Shiva. In ancient India the ideal of meditation was an ideal of virtue. Meditation had to be virtuous and virtue on the other side had to be cultivated in meditation. This connection is clearly seen in the above quotation from
Srimad-Bhagavatam. Often, according to mythology, saints gained tremendous powers through their meditation practice and then fell for the temptation of using this power for fulfilling personal needs instead of seva to the whole. The many stories connected to this theme shows how ancient India was focusing on virtue to such an extent that it rivals the very best parts and periods of Christianity.

EIV - 37,5 * 10,5 mm
One of my absolute favorite beads! It clearly demonstrates that the Indus people searched for the sublime bead, not only within the realms of Jasper, but also in agate. However in agate patterns, at least in my eyes, the concept of
Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram is evoked

I cannot help dreaming when I think about the ancient Indus Valley civilization. Because dreams are nourished by mysteries and the Indus script is (thank god) yet not deciphered. I am therefore in the absence of knowledge able to in an act of post modern magic ritual, to choose to adore the Indus culture as an utopia as compared with today's unfortunate social polarization with a microsco
pic percentage of super rich and a dwindling middle class on its way down a drainage that soon will over flood - both metaphorically and practically speaking. I don't mind rich people! However most are rich, not due to generosity, but due to greed.

EIV - 33 * 125 mm

In the western culture nothing comes closer to the notion of Satyam, Shivam Sundaram than the Romantic concept of Beauty, Truth and Goodness.

Multinational corporate greed eats smaller states for breakfast while war seems to be a better business than ever. I love to look for future possibilities in the past. Our ancient history provides a window where we can mirror lofty visions for the future. In the entire span of history the Indus valley civilization is the only mega civilization that found other ways of resolving conflicts than through war and aggression. In the more than 1000 sites yet discovered we find no evidence of war and only a few almost toy like weapons. The first archeologist to uncover Indus sites, thought that they had found a civilization inhabited only by children. In India we can still get a little glimpse of these ways of peace in the behavior of Mahatma Gandhi and in the non violent concept of ahaimsa of Jain's, Hindus and Buddhists.

This Golden Age of the Indus Valley Culture is mirrored in the sublime beads you can enjoy below. These ancient beads tell the story of a culture that in it’s own way was excelling from the macro world of urban life to the miniature world of beads. As the Indus people were able to create perfect cities they also did create perfect beads.


EIV - 33 * 9 mm

I have personally little doubt that the idea of creating and seeing intended symbols primary evolved in agate beads. To create and see eyes and other symbols of long forgotten meanings is easier in agate, simply because the geometric patterns in agate are more uniform and harmonious.

For me an Indus bead is an ultimate symbol of peace and the belief that it is possible to share wealth. I choose to regard them as concentration tools for cultivating a Meditation that cultivates Virtue. Cooperation and not cooperate greed will make utopias gravitate towards us. You might say that I am a dreamer, but I'm not the only one. New beginnings start with dreaming them.

EIV - 29 * 9 mm

In agate the divine longing for Virtue is expressed in symmetry. As above, so below. The heavenly harmony is expressed on earth in the perfect symmetric bead. The eye, as I prefer to understand these obviously intended motifs, is here the portal of consciousness.



EIV - 27,5 * 7,5 mm

The conscious eye is the observer that by vitue of the observation itself creates order out of chaos.
A human being is as consciousnes a manifestation of the highest order.
This order is the anti-thesis of the third law of thermodynamics.



EIV - 25,5 * 12,5 mm





EIV - 34 * 16 mm


This inbuilt longing for order established in consciousness includes the dis-order of Shiva.
We fear destruction and hence we do not get the viewpoint of Shiva.
Shivas destruction is nescessary for
creating the order of the future.

In this sense everything is as the bead to the left:
Perfectly imperfect



EIV - 42 * 15 mm
Oyster shell formed Indus Bead of immense beauty

EIV - 42 * 15 mm

EIV - 21,5 * 17 * 6 mm

EIV - 42 * 15 mm

EIV - 42 * 15 mm

EIV - 21 * 19 * 7 mm

 EIV -  19 * 8 * 4 mm  nyt billede



EIV - 11-13 * 5 mm



EIV - 22 * 8,5 mm

EIV - 22 * 10 mm


 4EIV - 23,5 * 7,5 mm

EIV - 19,5 * 6,5 mm


EIV - 26,5 * 12 mm

EIV - 23 * 10 mm


EIV - 20 * 8 mm

EIV - 21 * 7 mm


EIV - 28 * 10,5 mm

EIV - 26,5 * 9,5 mm


EIV - 23,5 * 9 mm

EIV - 18,5 * 8,5 mm


EIV - 19,5 * 8 mm

EIV - 16,5 * 7,5 mm


EIV - 21,5 * 7 mm

EIV - 24 * 9 mm


EIV - 23,5 * 10,5 mm

EIV - 18,5 * 7 mm


EIV - 18 * 8 mm

EIV - 21,5 * 7 mm


EIV - 17 * 5,5 mm

18 * 6,5 mm


EIV - 15 * 6,5 mm



EIV - 14,5 * 7,5 mm

EIV - 17 * 10,5 * 7 mm


EIV - 14,5 * 8,5 * 5,5 mm

EIV - 14 * 9 * 7 mm


EIV - 21 * 10 mm

26,5 * 8 mm


EIV - 17,5 * 10 * 6,5 mm

EIV - 14,5 * 6 mm


EIV - 28 * 14 * 10 mm

EIV - 24,5 * 9,5 mm


EIV - 19 * 11 mm

EIV - 19 * 10 mm


EIV - 15 * 7 mm

EIV - 15 * 7,5 mm


EIV - 28 * 10 mm

EIV - 22 * 10 mm


EIV - 24 * 8 mm

EIV - 23 * 7,5 mm


EIV - 24,5 * 7 mm

EIV - 14,5 * 8 mm


EIV - 20 * 8 mm

EIV - 24 * 8 mm


EIV - 26,5 * 7 mm

EIV - 21 * 7,5 mm


EIV - 15 * 6 mm

EIV - 10 * 8 mm


EIV - 30 * 8,5 mm

EIV - 31 * 10 mm


EIV - 32 * 10 mm

EIV - 27,5 * 9 mm


EIV - 26,5 * 9,5 mm

EIV - 23,5 * 10 mm


EIV - 24 * 10,5 * 7,5 mm

EIV - 28 * 9 mm


EIV - 44 * 11 mm


EIV - 37,5 * 18,5 mm


EIV - 37 * 11,5 mm


EIV - 34 * 14 mm


EIV - 40,5 * 15 mm


EIV - 28 * 11 mm


EIV - 39 * 8 * 9,5 mm


EIV - 35 * 13,5 mm


EIV - 26,5 * 9,5 mm


EIV - 27,5 * 8 mm

In the early Indus Valley age it was a difficult task to drill and shape an agate bead. Alone out of this reason one have to marvel at the long bicone and slender agate beads made in this period. A much more easy and popular bead making material was banded limestone. Limestone is a sedimentary rock. It is mostly composed of different crystal forms of calcium carbonate known as calcite and aragonite. Its hardness on the Moh scale is between 3 and 4.
One can assume that the ancient Indus people chose the hardest types of limestone for their bead making. However the lack of hardness as compared to agate or jasper has made the beads extremely fragile. The softness of the stone combined with the large holes has made it vulnerable to time. Only few specimens have survived up to our time. 


 EIV - 30 *  7,5 mm

The bead displayed above is my favorit among the limestone specimens. It banding is beautiful displaying typical limestone colors. It is in perfect condition in spite of the fact that it has a larger volume of hole than of stone!
This bead is a true survivor against all odds! I would only part with it to an individual who have had the same destiny.


EIV - 33,5 * 11 mm
Yellow brown
limestone from
the Pachcham

The banded limestone used in these outstanding ancient beads was most probably sourced from Guajarat:

Banded limestone is another rock that was transported from its source in Gujarat to Harappan Sites deep within the Indus Valley. The particular variety I am referring to occurs in th Pachcham formation - a zone of Jurassic sedimentary rock exposed on several islands on the southern edge of the Great Rann of Kachch. Dholavira, which is located on Khadir island, was largely constructed of blocks ans slabs composed of this distinctive yellow-brown banded, sand-textured limestone. 
The Important Stone and Metal resources of Gujarat during the Harappan Period. Randall Law


EIV - 42,5 * 13 mm

The Indus limestone beads do not have the same hypnotic shine as agate or jasper beads. However they have their own more discrete world of magic. The patterns in lime stone beads are slightly different from the other bead materials. They follow other rules of 'sedimentary matemathics' as you can observe in the bead above.


EIV - 39 * 11 mm

 As one can observe in these beads, they also display another variety of colors than other bead materials. For the color sensitive individual a ancient sandstone bead might even be of greater interest than the more expressive agate and jasper beads.


EIV - 33 * 10 mm



EIV - 37,5 * 12,5 mm


EIV - 36 * 11 mm


EIV - 32 * 9 mm

EIV - 32 * 9 mm




EIV - 24 * 8,5 mm

EIV - 23 * 8,5 mm




EIV - 25 * 9 mm





EIV - 30 * 10 mm

EIV - 30 * 9,5 mm




EIV - 30 * 10 * 11 mm

 EIV - 27 * 10,5 mm




EIV - 26 * 8 mm

EIV - 25 * 8,5 mm




EIV - 25,5 * 8 mm

EIV - 22,5 * 8 * 7 mm




EIV - 27 * 9 mm

EIV - 26 * 9 mm




EIV - 27 * 10 mm

EIV - 27 * 10 mm




EIV - 28 * 10 mm

EIV - 29 * 10 mm




EIV - 33 * 9.5 mm

EIV - 22,5 * 8 mm




EIV - 19 * 8 mm

EIV - 18,5 * 8 mm




EIV - 14,5 * 7 mm

EIV - 15 * 6 mm




EIV - 17 * 6 mm

EIV - 20 * 5 mm




EIV - 29 * 8 mm

EIV - 19,5 * 8,5 mm




EIV - 21 * 8 mm





EIV - 39 * 11 mm


EIV - 73,5 * 12 mm

The beads displayed below are not from Rakhigarhi. They sourced from further west. Most probably the are from the older parts of the Indus valley civilization located in Pakistan like Harappa.Note that the holes are even larger than in the above section. They are made of Amazonite, most probably either from Gujarat from Orissa. Indus amazonite beads are very rare.


   EIV-GT 1  -   18 * 7 mm


EIV-GT 2  -   18 * 8 mm


EIV-GT 3   -   16 * 6 mm 


  EIV- GT 4  -  

Elongated Cylinder Carnelian Beads

EIV-T 1   - 29 * 7 mm


EIV-T 2   - 20 * 8 mm


EIV-T 3   - 25 * 8 mm


IV-T 4   - 20 * 7 mm


 EIV-T 5   - 19 * 7 mm


 EIV-T 6   - 20 * 8 mm


 EIV-T 7   - 18 * 8 mm


 EIV-T 8   - 20 * 7 mm


EIV- T 9    -   16 * 5,5 mm 


EIV-T 10    -   23 * 6 mm


EIV- T 11 -   15 * 7 mm


EIV-T 12   -   14 * 7 mm


EIV-T 13   -   14 * 5,5 mm

Strange Indus Valley Terra Cotta Eye Bead


EIV-OIV 1 - 40 * 25 * 21 mm

Click on picture for larger image


An abolutely unique and very strange jet stone cobra snake Eye Bead.
Origin : Indus Valley Haryana - Greater India
Read about Eye Beads here

Bead from Mohenjo Daro

EIV-TBA 16   - 17 * 5 mm


What a masterpiece this little bead is! There iS more hole than bead stone. This bead was
found by my friend Professor Bhandari when he as a young boy, before partition 1947 together with his school class was visiting Mohenjo Daro    - SOLD


Here you can see the bead in high resolution: Picture 1  -   Hole

Indus Valey Eye seal Beads


Click on picture for larger image


Here is a small display of Indus Valley carnelian beads. You can find more displayed in the Carnelian bead section.

EIV-OIV 15 -  Largest: 16 * 10 mm - : 8 * 6 mm 


EIV-OIV 16  -  A unique translucent pendant bead




Rakhigarhi, Jagadhari, Yamuna Nagar