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The High Cost of Creating Quality Fake Ancient Beads

Creating a high-quality fake ancient bead is no trivial task—it's rather costly. The soaring prices for DZI beads, and to a somewhat lesser extent etched beads, have left this sector of bead trade and collection susceptible to high-tech reproduction, predominantly from Taiwan.

The most sophisticated fakes are crafted primarily for these types of beads, especially those in the price range of 20,000 USD and above. However, it remains impossible to forge a flawless DZI bead that can deceive an authentic Tibetan DZI dealer or an experienced Western collector. (There may come a day when the forgers succeed, and when that happens, DZI bead owners will lose billions of dollars.)

Producing a modern bead with an authentic excavation patina is even more difficult. When counterfeiters manufacture DZI beads, they aim to mimic the patina created by generations of wear and tear, rather than imitating the 'new' patina of unearthed beads. It's arguably more challenging to recreate excavation patina than to simulate patina from wear and tear.

Moreover, new collectors and buyers with less experience may look at the beads displayed above and assume they are new, preferring the old, dusty, and worn-out look of a fake bead.


The Power

Beads and

of Beads

Ancient Beads and Greek Individuality



 There will be more excavation beads in the future
My guess is that the global community of bead collectors will encounter more and more of newly excavated beads in the future. The number of passionate bead collectors is increasing worldwide, and the number of beads that have been in permanent circulation and hence have marks and patina made from constant use is more or less constant. When the increasing demand for ancient beads drives up prices, it becomes more and more interesting for unauthorized diggers to excavate ancient sites to look for beads. Here they will find a lot of beads who were never used, but rather stored away as treasures or just kept in the home as animistic protections against evil eyes and bad spirits.

Whether this new kind of digging is either a good or a bad development, I leave to people who think that this world can be understood, captured and controlled with strong unison opinions.

Beads are the perfect dialogue partners for having philosophic thoughts. It is amazing to watch how the biggest and most self-blind egos often can hide in the smallest of bead holes. I could in this context easily mention some names in the global bead community. However, I will start with myself. When I look into a bead hole, I peep into my own nature.

To know that one does not know is essential in life and in Bead collecting too.

Bead greed
That is why I can say about myself that I can only truly SEE a new bead arrival in my collection after a time span of minimum 6 months. Before that time my evaluation is colored by the excitement of the hunt and even greed. I WANT to believe that this new trophy is a genuine ancient catch. After half a year it becomes evident that is was NOT an ancient treasure, but the patina of 'Maya'.

So, let’s return to the newly excavated 'new-ancient' beads we are going to encounter in the future from all kind of shady sources. Is it bad? Is it good?

There are many examples where former colonial countries have been collecting old or ancient artifacts outside their borders, especially in third world countries.

Was it bad or was it good?

Bad things can pave the way for good things to happen
Had we not in the nineteen century done this 'looting', many ancient artifacts would have been lost today.

When Denmark 'stole' the ancient saga scriptures from Iceland, they saved these scriptures from annihilation. Some of the sagas written on leather were at that time transformed into boots by the local population. They did not at all appreciate their own cultural heritage.

The Acropolis in Athens is deteriorating due to air pollution. Only the statues and frescos that were 'looted' from there are spared from this sad destiny.

In Afghanistan, even at this moment, the Taliban is actively destroying the country’s abundant Grecco- Buddhist art heritage. If they come across a Buddha statue so far hidden in the sand, they will repeat the story from Bamiyan.

I recently went to the National Museum in Rangoon in Burma. All rooms in the museum were covered in darkness. There were no light bulbs to display the sad fact that there was nothing there worth looking at, at least not compared to the living pagodas of the country. At least they shine full of light, gold and devotion and have continuously done so since ancient times.

Private versus public collections
Around 90% of the world’s ancient art is on the hand of private collectors.

Only 10% of the world’s ancient artifacts are displayed in museums. Many of these museums, especially in third world countries, are not capable of taking proper care of these precious objects. They are far better off in the hands of private collectors.

The possibility of having private collections of old and ancient art is also an important factor in the cultivation of the interest in global history. Collectors go to museums. They write books about their interest. They read history books. They make websites with a lot of information. In this way, they generate a field of historic awareness that resonates into the media and internet world too. They make ancient art valuable and history an interesting subject for even the lower middle class. Furthermore, due to the hype it makes when enormous sums of money are offered for ancient art, a ring of preservation and protection is created around it.

One could argue that all collecting of ancient art should be open and legal, so that scientists, archeologists, public and private institutions and museums could collaborate with private collectors in gathering maximum information about our global world heritage past. The archeologists tend to view their subject as a 'private-public' affair, not for the common man to participate in. However, these people cannot exist without a general public interest in ancient history and their work as such. If people collect antiques, they create awareness, also political. They influence governments to fund more money to museums and historical and archeological institutions.

In my case, I am only talking about old beads. Nobody seems to bother about these small insignificant stones...

Good things pave the road for bad things to come and vice versa. On these roads of silk and robbery, beads have always traveled, even if they had a stopover for a thousand years one meter below the molded surface of the obvious, politically correct and fixed opinions.

So here is 'my opinion', written on a fleeting globe as my desk: Beads were meant to travel... from generation to generation as visual ambassadors, as a relay handed over from generation to generation, reminding us of something we have in common since the days we lived in caves: When we look at an ancient crafted stone bead, we, here in the oldest human art form, can recognize beauty!

That is why I have made www.ancientbead.com

My joy of collecting made me interested in ancient history, and my website make others interested too. I guess it worked the same way for Kevin Ball too. This is our way to walk the talk.

Actually, we don't own these beads. We are their custodians in the sense that they will outlive us by far. We will disappear, and they will travel on. Yes, beads are great travelers!

Let me here give a good tip to the western collector. At the same time, it can serve as a warning to the eastern collector: 'Board the train before it is too late once again!'

Collecting mainstream beads or beads of beauty
It is still possible to purchase ancient unetched beads of unheard esthetic beauty in Asia and the east for reasonable prices. The rising third world middle class collectors have yet not cultivated an eye that makes them able to recognize the refined artistic skills of their ancestors.  The nouveau riche middle-class man of the East will, with a little over generalization, go for the etched bead, the black bead and the big bead, no matter how it looks seen from an artistic point of view.

Furthermore, this new type of first-generation middle-class collector is parroting the trend of Tibetan Buddhist traditions, but without the deeper knowledge, these traditions incorporate.

Let me here make a related comment. Most bead collectors are as mentioned, primarily collecting etched beads. However, in my view, the making of etched beads marked a fall from the peak of artistic bead production.

As evidence for this 'opinion' or fleeting viewpoint, I refer  to the late Indus beads on ancientbead.com

Most etched beads, thank god not all, are NOT as beautiful as the older ones without etching. The etching was substituting the original bead maker’s hunt for the right stone so he here with the right technique could bring forth the original, almost Platonistic idea so far hidden in the stone. When etching became the main trend, the bead maker could take almost every 'Tom, Harry and Dick stone' and make the desired patterns with a little etching. They did not any longer have to search through literally tons of stone to find the right piece.


This etching trend of not manifesting the inner stone beauty, but cultivating it by superimposing 'divine meaning' on the stone only managed to reach an acceptable artistic level in the Tibetan DZI- and the Burmese Pyu-beads.

Most of the ancient Indian made etched beads are not made with loving care.

Still, they are interesting seen from a historical point of view.

They point at a growing, most probably Buddhist, middle class and lower class demand for mass-produced stone beads with divine protective powers. Bead etching became mainstream hand in hand with King Asoka’s successful transformation of India into a Buddhist empire. In the late Indus and early classical Indian time, skillfully crafted beads without etching were still dominant as jewels for the few.

That is why I elsewhere on Ancientbead.com advocate for the hypothesis that the stone bead culture is linked particular to the Buddhist culture and its predecessor, the Indus culture. Stone beads are not an integral part of the Arian Hindu culture.

Because of the craze for etched beads I have chosen another strategy for the last ten years: Hunting the beauty no one seemed to see in their crave for main stream tokens of social convergence and accept.

The above-mentioned trend has polarized beads into two distinct groups. We have got a group of uniform and easily identifyable beads that have reached insanely high prices in opposition to all the huge variety of beads outside this small banded category. The Tibetans have had the honor of defining these two categories. What does not fit into the Tibetan sphere of interest has remained relatively cheap. Today you can get a beautiful non-etched ancient bead for the lower or same price as a low quality etched bead.
eads as money - big money!
The reason for this division is also that beads have again become what they already were in ancient time: money... Big money! Some types of beads have increased their value by a hundredfold within the last ten years!!

In the modern trend of beads again becoming money, it is confusing with too many types of currency. Hence a huge variation of beads is left in the dark and only a small bandwidth of beads are defined and within some circles almost accepted as equal to hard cash currency.

The Tibetan culture is the only continuously living bead culture
One of the reasons for that the Tibetans got the honor of defining what is a valuable stone bead or not, is that they are the living custodians of the world’s only continuous living stone bead culture.

Another reason is that the same Tibetans got their country robbed away by the Chinese.

If the Chinese had read global history, they would maybe have noted a curious tendency repeating itself all over in all places in history. They may have been more cautious in their handling with Tibet and Tibetan culture. It is the old tale of the conquers getting conquered by the culture they conquer.

This happened for the victorious Normans in Sicily. It happened for the moguls, especially under the glorious reign of Akbar.

The Kushans
It happened for the Kushans, once called the Yuezhi people from China when they entered into what is now Pakistan and Afghanistan and defeated the Grecco-Buddhist kings who were the rulers at that time. And what happened to the Kushan people? They converted to Buddhism and became the greatest mass producers of Buddhist artifacts ever. The ancient art called 'Gandhara' is made by the Kushan's!

So when you conquer someone... take care that you might not be defeated your self! In world history, only the stiff English upper lip was too resistant to get under the sway of Indian gurus or any other foreign culture they occupied.

Now, what is happening with the old Tibetan Buddhist culture of compassion?

At the time being it has like a virus been laying dormant waiting for its chance to infect the stone bead hard Chinese bureaucrat hart with love and compassion. However, this hart is nowadays only in tune with greed. So compassion has taken the form of stone to attract this stone heart in the form of some small beads.

The power of DZI
Therefore this new kind of old DZI-money is particular in demand in China where corruption among the leaders of the Communist party has become an increasingly risky task.

You cannot any longer present your local party leader with a gift in the form of a suitcase with one million dollars inside. This kind of bribe is far too obvious and hence dangerous. If you want green political light today for your Chinese project, you discretely hand over a little piece of stone. You give the party boss an ancient DZI-bead.

It is a truly beautiful example of the irony and humor of history: The ultimate spiritual and vibrational token of Tibetan Buddhism arrives as a virus in the very heart core of the rotten Chinese corruption apparatus. These so-called socialist and atheist 'corruptocrats' make an animistic dance of greed around the golden calf, a new dance, but as old and empty as the hole in a DZI-bead.

Again, lets us have a peep into this small bead hole. This time we can see the most fantastic mega-ego in the form of greed. DZI-beads have become D.ZI.RE-beads. Hence they absorb the evil spirits of the corruptocratic animal nature into their 'shoonyo' and thus pave the way for a new ancient China.

Here comes my second prediction in this essay. China will again rise to what it once was: A glorious and highly cultivated Buddhist civilization under the guidance of the spiritual masters of Tibet.

Yes... Dzi are secret Tibetan 'nano' weapons with a mission impossible: to transform greed and power into love and kindness.

Seen in this light nobody can deny the spiritual powers of the DZI.

Just ask Madonna who has recently followed the Chinese party line and have become an ardent collector and devotee of DZI. Maybe the small black DZI-holes can even swallow up the megalomaniac stars of Hollywood!

By the way .... Bead money has modern advantages. This will be my second advice to bead collectors, but only to the people living in the matrix of Beverly Hills. Beads are, as beads always have been, great travelers. They also like to fly.  As I have mentioned earlier, no one seems to bother about small insignificant stones ... also not governments...

I know persons who have traveled all over the world with an innocent chain of stone beads... so at least it must have looked in the eyes of the customs officers. However, the necklace was made of ancient DZI beads. In this way, you can easily have 10 million dollars hanging around your neck. Imagine that you transfer the same amount of money in your hand luggage through the airport security and no one stops you to ask questions.
You do not need to be a rich DZI-hunter to get beauty
Here at the end of this stream of words in consciousness I feel obliged to tie up all the loose ends in this essay about almost everything. Hence I go back the beginning where I was talking about excavation beads. Collecting and hunting for DZI and etched beads is a sport only for the filthy rich. Seen from the angle of income, I am a solid representative of the world’s middle class. My third and last advice is: Middle-class collectors and lovers of beads. Widen your search to all kind of beads, glass beads, terracotta beads, odd beads and especially excavation beads... Look for any bead that has not (yet) become a part of the pyramid money game.
Let it not be a secret. I had the chance on several occasions to observe the Chinese newly rich culture in its one dimensional bead greed. I did not at all like what I saw. The worst Western prejudices about Chinese stereotypes seemed to fit here: Robot people on the hunt for wealth.
However, the last time I met with the mainland Chinese bead people, I had to make a 180 degree turn!
There is an old English saying: It takes three generations to make a gentleman.
After meeting the new generation of bead people from China I must to my own big surprise admit that the majority of them were gentlemen and women!
It seems that the cultural evolution in mainland China is accelerating at such a pace that some of the Chinese I met in many ways seemed to have overtaken us in the West on most of the parameters that makes us truly human.
In a rapidly changing world, where the leader of the West has changed color from black to redneck, it gives me hope to see that mainland China, as a candidate for being the next world leading country, is a able to 'produce' such kind people as the one I met recently.

Is it so that truth always wins?

Satyam - Shivam - Sundaram







Contact: Gunnar Muhlman - Gunnars@mail.com